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Dunn, J. (1997). The Dutch Annual of Psychoanalysis. II, 1995-1996. Traumatic and Non-Traumatic Damage to Psychic Structure. Han Groen- Prakken. Pp. 50-65.. Psychoanal Q., 66:365-366.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: The Dutch Annual of Psychoanalysis. II, 1995-1996. Traumatic and Non-Traumatic Damage to Psychic Structure. Han Groen- Prakken. Pp. 50-65.

(1997). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 66:365-366

The Dutch Annual of Psychoanalysis. II, 1995-1996. Traumatic and Non-Traumatic Damage to Psychic Structure. Han Groen- Prakken. Pp. 50-65.

Jonathan Dunn

It is necessary to distinguish between pathology caused by identifiable traumatic events and pathology caused by ongoing developmental interferences from external sources; the latter does not result in the degree of psychic paralysis and dysfunction that specific trauma causes. A literature review of trauma is given: the author supports Anna Freud's call for a specific definition of traumahelplessness of the ego in the face of overwhelming stimulation. In treatment, the reality of the external event must be disentangled from the patient's related unconscious fantasies. The author also discusses the debate over whether or not the effects of trauma are fully resolvable; in this regard, specific difficulties, including proneness to various kinds of disavowals and acting out behaviors, are

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described. The many pre-existing conditions influencing the effects of trauma are listed, and the concept of helplessness of the ego is further examined. The author discusses the concepts of trauma and developmental disruption in reference to observations of the effects of Nazi concentration camps.

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Article Citation

Dunn, J. (1997). The Dutch Annual of Psychoanalysis. II, 1995-1996.. Psychoanal. Q., 66:365-366

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