Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To access to IJP Open with a PEP-Web subscription…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Having a PEP-Web subscription grants you access to IJP Open. This new feature allows you to access and review some articles of the International Journal of Psychoanalysis before their publication. The free subscription to IJP Open is required, and you can access it by clicking here.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Gottschalk, L.A. (1974). The Psychoanalytic Study of Hand-Mouth Approximations. Psychoanal. Contemp. Sci., 3(1):269-291.

(1974). Psychoanalysis and Contemporary Science, 3(1):269-291

The Psychoanalytic Study of Hand-Mouth Approximations

Louis A. Gottschalk, M.D.

The Opportunity to Study the relationship between the content of free association and a repeated physical gesture was provided by the psychoanalysis of a 40-year-old married psychologist. During his treatment this patient not infrequently moved one hand from alongside his body toward his mouth and then fingered his lips, oral cavity, nose, or cheek, or rubbed his closed eyes with his fingers or fist. It was decided to investigate the relationship of the content of his free associations and these various hand-face approximations.

The content of verbal material during psychoanalysis and its correlation with various behaviors or manifestations of the involuntary nervous system have long been of interest to analysts. Ferenczi (1912) wrote of the relationship of associative content to a variety of transient symptoms during the psychoanalytic session. I have reported psychoanalytic observations on the recurring epileptic manifestations of an eight-year-old boy (Gottschalk, 1956) and on the psychophysiological relationship between the content of free associations and paroxysmal electroencephalographic activity in a 24-year-old soldier subject to grand mal seizures (Gottschalk, 1955), and my findings have been reconfirmed by a more rigorous analysis of the data (Luborsky et al., 1970, 1974). Luborsky (1964, 1967, 1970) has examined the content of speech accompanying symptomatic behavior in psychoanalytic and psychotherapeutic interviews and compared it with the speech of control interviews.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.