Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To use the Information icon…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

The Information icon (an i in a circle) will give you valuable information about PEP Web data and features. You can find it besides a PEP Web feature and the author’s name in every journal article. Simply move the mouse pointer over the icon and click on it for the information to appear.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Katz, M. (2001). The Implications of Revising Freud's Empiricism for Drive Theory. Psychoanal. Contemp. Thought, 24(3):253-272.

(2001). Psychoanalysis and Contemporary Thought, 24(3):253-272

The Implications of Revising Freud's Empiricism for Drive Theory

Montana Katz, Ph.D.

This paper examines Freud's final formulation of the concept of drive and of the dual drive theory. It is suggested that the combination of Freud's empiricism, his choice of a biological foundation, and his view of language were crucial to his conception of drive. Subsequent modifications of drive theory are discussed, such as those found in the work of Klein, Winnicott, Gill, Schafer, Lichtenberg, Gedo, and Young-Breuhl. Recent research concerning the acquisition and functioning of human language as well as current neuro- and other biological science findings lead to a modified conception of drive, as well as indicate an incompleteness in Freud's final set of primary drives. An expansion of the primary set of drives is proposed to include a further drive, called the interpretive drive. This third, primary drive is shown to satisfy Freud's essential criteria. It is also presupposed as a prerequisite to human functioning as characterized in the work of Bion. The addition of a third, interpretive drive supports an integral conception of mind and body as called

for by, for example, Meissner. The addition denies the possibility of a reduction or derivation of mind from body as suggested in the work of Freud, and more recently, that of Meissner.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.