Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see who cited a particular article…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To see what papers cited a particular article, click on “[Who Cited This?] which can be found at the end of every article.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Lichtenberg, J.D. (1982). Reflections on the First Year of Life. Psychoanal. Inq., 1(4):695-729.

(1982). Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 1(4):695-729

Reflections on the First Year of Life

Joseph D. Lichtenberg, M.D.

Hartmann, who viewed psychological events with a remarkable broadness of perspective, stated that in the infant a state of preadaptedness exists prior to the point in its development where the organism can function on its own to secure its adaptation (1939p. 49; 1956pp. 245-247). In delineating what he meant by “preadapted,” Hartmann pointed to the capacity of the infantile mind to perceive, remember, and control movements—functions that he conceived to be primary (inborn) and autonomous (developing as a separate organization in response to stimuli, rather than developing as a result of conflict). Hartmann reasoned that functions that exist prior to a conflict must be present to give psychological registry and meaning to the impulses that give rise to the conflict. As Freud had stated, conflict is created when a desire to re-experience satisfaction must be subjected to delay. Hartmann's conception of preadaptedness was largely inferential and deductive.

That a state of preadaptedness exists in the infant is confirmed by the vast amount of research data on neonates and older infants that has accumulated, principally since 1960.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.