Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To refine your search with the author’s first initial…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

If you get a large number of results after searching for an article by a specific author, you can refine your search by adding the author’s first initial. For example, try writing “Freud, S.” in the Author box of the Search Tool.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Michels, R. Oldham, J.M. (1983). Value Judgments in Psychoanalytic Theory and Practice. Psychoanal. Inq., 3(4):599-608.

(1983). Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 3(4):599-608

Value Judgments in Psychoanalytic Theory and Practice

Robert Michels, M.D. and John M. Oldham, M.D.

Psychoanalysis studies the content and form of the mental life of individuals, and values are inherently part of the content of mental life. All of the characteristics of human behavior which psychoanalysis has traditionally studied, such as dynamics, ontogenetics, motivation, conflict, and defensive functions contribute to an understanding of value systems. For example, the traditional conflict model of psychodynamically motivated behavior, using the language of structural theory, might focus on an unconscious conflict between the patient's impulses and his superego prohibitions or between his inflated ego ideal and his feelings about his real-life achievements. Such formulations, involving concepts of superego or ego ideal, imply that the patient has internalized value systems of one kind or another. From this perspective, then, there is nothing special or unique about values which sets them apart from other aspects of mental life.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.