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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Druck, A.B. (1994). Multiple Models and the Psychoanalytic Stance. Psychoanal. Inq., 14(2):243-260.

(1994). Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 14(2):243-260

Multiple Models and the Psychoanalytic Stance

Andrew B. Druck, Ph.D.

The connection between psychoanalytic theories of pathogenesis and corresponding notions of the optimal analytic stance has always been extremely close. Even within Freud's work, his conception of the analyst's stance shifted as his theory developed. In “Studies on Hysteria” (1893-1895), Freud emphasized the role of repressed memories in causing neurotic symptoms. He stressed the mutative factor of the analyst's “personal influence” (p. 283) in overcoming the forces of repression. This influence extended to Freud's laying on of hands to encourage the patient to remember. Freud saw the analyst's task as helping the patient recall pathogenic memories. As these were recalled and expressed, with the resulting catharsis, the patient improved.

Over time, Freud's focus shifted to the complex manner in which early childhood experience is mediated and transformed through conflict between internal structures. Freud's theory of why someone became neurotic was accompanied by great elaboration of how someone remained neurotic. Attention moved to the process of neurosis in addition to its genesis. Freud's conception of the proper analytic stance also shifted.

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