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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Reich, G. Cierpka, M. (1998). Identity Conflicts in Bulimia Nervosa: Psychodynamic Patterns and Psychoanalytic Treatment. Psychoanal. Inq., 18(3):383-402.

(1998). Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 18(3):383-402

Identity Conflicts in Bulimia Nervosa: Psychodynamic Patterns and Psychoanalytic Treatment

Günter Reich, Ph.D. and Manfred Cierpka, M.D.

In Germany, as in many other countries, psychoanalytic and psychotherapeutic practice is becoming more and more concerned with the treatment of Bulimia nervosa. The treatment of bulimic patients often calls for certain modifications in psychoanalytical technique. The specific symptoms of the disorder; the conflicts and the ego structures, particularly defense; and the nature of the patients' interpersonal relationships must be taken into consideration. The following observations are based on many years of experience gathered in our special outpatient department for eating disorders. Various types of treatment are used, sometimes in combination with one another (e.g., psychoanalytic and psychodynamic individual therapy, family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, group therapy). This has presented grounds for discussion on the various parameters of psychoanalytic therapy.

In Germany, the background for this discussion is as follows:

1.   In the conflict concerning the effectiveness of various therapeutic methods for the treatment of mental disorders, psychoanalysts are under increasing pressure to justify the time and costs their approach involves.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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