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Pytell, T. (2006). Transcending the Angel Beast: Viktor Frankl and Humanistic Psychology. Psychoanal. Psychol., 23(3):490-503.

(2006). Psychoanalytic Psychology, 23(3):490-503

Transcending the Angel Beast: Viktor Frankl and Humanistic Psychology

Timothy Pytell, Ph.D.

In this article the author describes the relationship of Viktor Frankl, the famous Holocaust survivor and founder of logotherapy, with the Big 3 (Rollo May, Carl Rogers, and Abraham Maslow) of the American humanistic psychology movement. From the perspective of his quasi-religious meaning-centered logotherapy, Frankl criticized the humanistic psychology movement for overlooking the transcendent nature of human experience. The author argues that the source of these criticisms stems from Frankl's traumatic Holocaust experience that made him unable to accept an immanent meaning to human existence.

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