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Lopez, F.G. Siffert, K.J. Thorne, B. Schoenecker, S. Castleberry, E. Chaliman, R. (2013). Probing the Relationship between Selfobject Needs and Adult Attachment Orientations. Psychoanal. Psychol., 30(2):247-263.

(2013). Psychoanalytic Psychology, 30(2):247-263

Probing the Relationship between Selfobject Needs and Adult Attachment Orientations

Frederick G. Lopez, Ph.D., Kevin J. Siffert, Ph.D., Brittany Thorne, B.S., Sydney Schoenecker, Med, Erica Castleberry, Ph.D. and Rebecca Chaliman, Ph.D.

Both Kohut's self-psychology (Kohut, H. 1971. The analysis of the self. New York, NY: International Universities Press. 1984. How does psychoanalysis cure? Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press) and Bowlby's (Bowlby, J. 1988. A secure base: Parent-child attachments and healthy human development. New York, NY: Basic Books) attachment theory propose that when basic human emotional needs for affirmation, belongingness, and security are inadequately satisfied by early caregivers, the person internalizes problematic schemas and experiences difficulties with self-esteem regulation that subsequently obstruct the achievement of mature interdependence in adulthood. In an effort to explore these relationships, in the present study we probed whether particular selfobject needs and self-esteem-related experiences differentially predicted college students' scores on each of 2 dimensions of adult attachment insecurity (anxiety, avoidance). There were 142 college students who completed measures of selfobject needs and adult attachment orientations along with measures of self-esteem instability, psychological entitlement, and self-compassion. Findings from simultaneous and hierarchical regression analyses indicated that distinct combinations of selfobject needs and self-esteem regulation experiences made unique contributions to each dimension of adult attachment insecurity.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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