Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Hewitt, P. (1996). Letter to the Editor. Psychoanal. Psychother., 10(3):279-280.

(1996). Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 10(3):279-280

Letter to the Editor

Philip Hewitt

Dear Dr Milton

I read and was moved by David Bell's paper, ‘Primitive Mind of State’ (Volume 10 p. 93). The paper resonates beyond the demise of the National Health Service and now threats to psychotherapy in Health Trusts.

Firstly, I refer to Education, which is even more politically vulnerable than Health, because there has always been an easily exploited split between a service for the poor and one for the rich, something which Health now shares again with Education. Secondly, there are Social Services, which have been decimated in the last fifteen years. Thirdly, the consequences of the Primitive Mind of State resonates through the whole of the Justice system, from the Lord Chief Justice to probation officers, police officers and prison officers.

One thing in particular struck me as it was emphasised by David Bell. This is the issue of ‘survival’ of services: Departments, beliefs, and psychic survival. This made me think about work relating to soldiers who have survived a high probability of death, sight of horrific injuries and loss of comrades. In a theatre of war, there is often a sudden degradation of the individual to ‘survival-only’ mechanisms. By contrast, David Bell gives an account of the chronicity of degradation, culminating with a personal anecdote in which he describes an experience of

… enslavement similar to the dependent relationships inherent in charity.

The survivalism described in the paper is like a perverse relationship to a parent who sadistically plays with meeting or not-meeting the infant's need.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.