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Jelliffe, S.E. (1916). Technique of Psychoanalysis. Psychoanal. Rev., 3(4):394-405.

(1916). Psychoanalytic Review, 3(4):394-405

Technique of Psychoanalysis

Smith Ely Jelliffe

I have previously spoken of Ferenczi's contribution to the subject of transference, and inasmuch as he discusses the highly important questions of suggestion and hypnotic rapport in this same paper his ideas properly belong here.

I have already given numerous illustrations of the means taken, chiefly by the unconscious of the patient, by which they may escape insight into the various factors at work in their conflict. The transference-resistance (ambivalent hate and love) falls upon the physician who is carrying out the analysis. It must be repeatedly emphasized that these phenomena are not restricted to psychoanalysis, nor are they related necessarily to physicians. They are the results of fundamental mechanisms and thrust themselves into every situation in life. Practically every novel or play ever written, and which is a true work of art, as distinguished from the run of pot-boilers, is a clinical exposé of these factors, all the more penetrating in proportion to the genius of the artist. The works of George Eliot, Thackeray, Dickens, Meredith, not to mention hosts of others are replete with illustrations of the various points we have been discussing.

There comes to my mind now a pathetic picture of a New England school teacher, trivially wounded in the back, who has maintained a lifelong invalidism—and a most fascinating and charming invalid she is—in order (unconsciously, of course) to be cared for and supported by an equally charming and idealistic old bachelor. This unconscious love relation has existed now fifty years and neither of the principals has a ghost of a notion of the real situation. The neurosis has to be maintained. Similar situations are met with in everyday life on every hand.

Every one is familiar with the numerous food eccentricities of people, which in their more exaggerated forms we so frequently stigmatize as hysterical. The desire for indigestible things, or unusual things, for certain preferences and aversions which may be related to the form or consistency or the smell of food.

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