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Jelliffe, S.E. (1917). Technique of Psychoanalysis. Psychoanal. Rev., 4(1):70-83.

(1917). Psychoanalytic Review, 4(1):70-83

Technique of Psychoanalysis

Smith Ely Jelliffe

(Continued from Vol. 3, p. 405)

Chapter V

Overcoming the Conflicts. Socialization [Integration] of the Personality. The Use of the Dream in Handling the Dynamics of the Transference-Resistance

We are ready now to draw together some of the threads of the previous discussions. The goal of the analysis has been broadly outlined as an effort towards socialization of the personality. This is accomplished by the taking away of libido, i. e., releasing it, from infantile fixations, and by stepping it up, if one might use an electrical phrase, to more advanced adaptations in the reality world. It is a form of teaching the patient to grow up. But, as has been seen, it differs from the usual types of pedagogics in that the dynamic factor, transference, is utilized to have the patient realize the old dictum of “Know thyself.” This “thyself” is interpreted in the light that the real thyself is “unconscious” to the patient, and this is the cause for the persistence in maladaptations through the conflict. This conflict on the one hand regressive contains the sum total of century-old accumulated wishes to remain at a lower level of adaptations with their physical constitutional organic structural stabilizations, and on the other hand contains the progressive urge of the spirit of life spiritual some people term it to bring about newer, better and more vitally valuable adaptations. These adaptations are preeminently social and make for the stabilization of the best values in society. The ideal of the true, the beautiful and the good is reached through a biological process of pragmatic racial wisdom equally as well as by means of an absolutistic fiat of a God.

We have spread out before us the different parts of the machinery and have attempted to group them into large units or classes for the sake of ease in handling. The utilization of the evolutionary concept has been the most feasible concept in pursuing this general schematization.


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