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Dane, P.G. (1925). Psychoneuroses of Soldiers and their Treatment.. Psychoanal. Rev., 12(4):481-482.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Psychoneuroses of Soldiers and their Treatment.
After six years since the war's closing this observer's experience with Australian soldiers is similar to that of most others with the ex-service men. They still are with us and the flight into an illness still remains a complex problem. Two things he thinks essential to remember. Wrong treatment is worse than none at all, and most treatments thus far have been wrong, and that it is a soothing illusion that time will bring a cure. These thoughts have caused him to present his observations. He classifies his cases for descriptive purposes into (1) anxiety states, (2) compulsion neuroses, (3) conversion hysterias, (4) neurasthenoid conditions, and (5) organic and psychoneurotic combinations (Ferenczi's pathoneuroses). After outlining what he means by these more or less arbitrary groupings Dane states that he can understand his material only in the light of the Freudian principles. Even superficial analysis invariably shows the importance of the faulty sexual adaptations which existed antecedent to the breakdown. The usual explanations that he finds among his British
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confreres he states are far too simple. The “instinct of fear” is no explanation. It is quite easily resolvable into more elementary psycho-sexual factors. The greatest number of these cases show obvious narcissistic and unconscious homosexual trends. The neuroses of peace and war are very similar. Psychotherapy alone is of service; analysis is the most useful in understanding what one is up against even if it is unable at times to get the best of the ignorant, egotistical, mentally deficient, and perverse types of cases who find the flight into an illness the most profitable occupation obtainable.
New Ideas Regarding Epilepsy and Its Cure. By Dr. R. B. Tracy. As published in Northwest Medical Journal, February, 1925.
The writer having been impressed with the similarity of the psychic reactions of epilepsy and hysteria started a series of psychoanalyses with epilepsy cases and was successful in uncovering very similar mental mechanisms in both conditions. This discovery led to some very painstaking complete analyses which revealed an hysterical mechanism associated with practically every epilepsy. A further observation of the physical motions during an attack of grand mal reveals the sex repressions very marked and these motions are often observed in transference hysterias.
Hence, the conclusion is reached that it is a psychic tension or stress in the human body, the result of mental conflict with the environment to which the individual cannot make adequate adjustment.
The majority of mental conflicts are of a nature which are socially taboo, as Freud has shown in his “Three Contributions to the Sex Theory.” The body always seeks pleasure, and in seeking, if denied, a stress or tension of some kind will result.
Epilepsy in this new light should be classified as a psychogenic disease, an attempt of the individual to withdraw from reality into a dream or hypnoid state.
Having established these facts, the writer then concluded that the logical approach in the way of treatment was through the psyche, so on this basis psychoanalysis was used with fairly satisfactory results. These results, however, were not permanent, and finally after a long series of partial successes the happy expedient of reëducation was tried. The writer has now nearly perfected this method and has so far been successful with every case so treated and has produced permanent results.
To recapitulate: The process is as follows: First, a complete and thorough psychoanalysis; next, the reeducation of the individual concerning his emotions; next, instruction as to the control of these emotions by means of autosuggestion along lines similar to those used by Coué. The final stage in the adjustment is to give a thorough instruction in sex adaptation. [Author's abstract.]
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Dane, P.G. (1925). Psychoneuroses of Soldiers and their Treatment.. Psychoanal. Rev., 12(4):481-482