Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see papers related to the one you are viewing…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When there are articles or videos related to the one you are viewing, you will see a related papers icon next to the title, like this: RelatedPapers32Final3For example:


Click on it and you will see a bibliographic list of papers that are related (including the current one). Related papers may be papers which are commentaries, responses to commentaries, erratum, and videos discussing the paper. Since they are not part of the original source material, they are added by PEP editorial staff, and may not be marked as such in every possible case.


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Wittenberg, R. (1955). On The Superego in Adolescence. Psychoanal. Rev., 42(3):271-279.

(1955). Psychoanalytic Review, 42(3):271-279

On The Superego in Adolescence

Rudolph Wittenberg

I have chosen this topic because it seems to lead most directly into the core of adolescent struggle. At this time when the instincts act up as they have never done before except in early childhood, the ego is being deserted by the guardian who has served so well until now. The ego and the superego part ways at this juncture, or, as Anna Freud puts it: “The ego alienates itself from the superego. To young people, this partial repression of the super-ego, the estrangement from part of its contents, is one of the greatest troubles of adolescence(6). This is, of course, like other formulations in this brief paper somewhat oversimplified. Paul Federn, whose contributions to modern ego psychology have thrown new light on these concepts, makes it clear that to some extent ego and super-ego are always a double structure. He holds that “in the normal person, harmony is established through a certain reciprocal moderation and yielding” (4). When I speak of alienation in this paper, I would like it to mean more of an alienation than already exists.

Starting from this point as homebase I would like to follow two trails: one back into some of the causes and effects of this situation, the other ahead into the implications of this fact to our work.

The causes of this alienation can perhaps be best stated if one recalls how the super-ego came into existence in the first place. Before it appeared, the instincts roamed freely and the outside world did the restraining; parents, neighbors, friends.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.