Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To search for text within the article you are viewing…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

You can use the search tool of your web browser to perform an additional search within the current article (the one you are viewing). Simply press Ctrl + F on a Windows computer, or Command + F if you are using an Apple computer.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Wixen, B.N. (1971). Grudges: A Psychoanalytic Study. Psychoanal. Rev., 58(3):333-344.

(1971). Psychoanalytic Review, 58(3):333-344

Grudges: A Psychoanalytic Study

Burton N. Wixen, M.D.

I. Introduction

Surprisingly enough, a thorough review of the psychoanalytic and general psychiatric literature from 1900 and before revealed no papers devoted to the subject of grudges. There are a few references to grudges in some textbooks, but they are all handled in a most superficial manner.8,1 It becomes apparent on a moment's reflection that the particular affective state described by the term grudge is not adequately covered by terms such as hate, jealousy, etc., under which headings the few references in the literature are made. Hence it would seem worthwhile to study this subject in some detail.

II. General Characteristics of Grudges

Grudge (Noun): “A feeling of deep-seated resentment or ill will. …”11

The dictionary definition certainly does not capture the unique qualities of a grudge, nor does it differentiate it from other affective states of ill will. After having analyzed several patients who have carried grudges, I have come to the conclusion that it is a unique affective state, with certain more or less regularly occuring characteristics. Furthermore, there tends to be a pattern concerning the age of onset and the dynamics involved. This paper will deal with these observations, using illustrative case material.


[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.