Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To review an author’s works published in PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

The Author Section is a useful way to review an author’s works published in PEP-Web. It is ordered alphabetically by the Author’s surname. After clicking the matching letter, search for the author’s full name.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Hymer, S.M. (1983). The Therapeutic Nature of Art in Self Reparation. Psychoanal. Rev., 70:57-68.

Welcome to PEP Web!

Viewing the full text of this document requires a subscription to PEP Web.

If you are coming in from a university from a registered IP address or secure referral page you should not need to log in. Contact your university librarian in the event of problems.

If you have a personal subscription on your own account or through a Society or Institute please put your username and password in the box below. Any difficulties should be reported to your group administrator.


Can't remember your username and/or password? If you have forgotten your username and/or password please click here and log in to the PaDS database. Once there you need to fill in your email address (this must be the email address that PEP has on record for you) and click "Send." Your username and password will be sent to this email address within a few minutes. If this does not work for you please contact your group organizer.

OpenAthens or federation user? Login here.

Not already a subscriber? Order a subscription today.

(1983). Psychoanalytic Review, 70(1):57-68

The Therapeutic Nature of Art in Self Reparation

Sharon M. Hymer, Ph.D.

The central thesis presented in this paper is that art provides a means for the patient to make reparation to his damaged self. The patient may utilize his symbolic relationship with the art source in a reparative manner. With the art source in the foreground, the analyst can then explore with the patient the relationships between art and his internal objects and self in his attempts to achieve wholeness and integration.

Klein's (1953) concept of reparation to the object is extended and expanded upon in order to understand the multiplicity of ways in which the patient makes reparation to his self. While Klein discusses the patient's reparation to the object as a means of resolving the depressive position, it is evident from the analyses of patients whose art references were explored, that art enables these individuals to make reparation not only to the object but also to the injured self. Art, from this perspective, contributes to the “restoration of the self” (Kohut, 1977).

The etymology of the term reparation encompasses several meanings (Oxford Dictionary, 1926). The Kleinian formulation finds expression in the definition: “the action of making amends for a wrong done.” A second meaning of reparation: “the restoration or renewal (of a thing or part)” is explored in terms of Freud's “return of the repressed” construct and Kohut's concept of restoration of the self. As the patient integrates previously split off, disowned aspects of id impulses and/or the grandiose self, he comes to experience himself as a whole object who is better able to regulate his self-esteem.

The third meaning of reparation: “the restoration of a person” includes not only the integration and regulation of self, but also the transformation of self. In Kohut's analysis of the integration of narcissistic

- 57 -

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2017, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.