Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size? In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+). Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out). To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Marcus, P. Rosenberg, A. (1994). Introduction. Psychoanal. Rev., 81(3):371-378.

(1994). Psychoanalytic Review, 81(3):371-378


Paul Marcus, Ph.D. and Alan Rosenberg

I find Bettelheim difficult to read simply because he says everything and there is nothing to be said that one could be certain has not been said by him. But one must read him because he can be exactly right, or more nearly right than other writers.

—Donald W. Winnicott1

When Bruno Bettelheim died by his own hand at age 86 he was described in a New York Times obituary as a “psychoanalyst of vast impact” (Goleman, 1990) and in another article as “one of the century's most important scholarly and therapeutic legacies” (Bernstein, 1990). In the public's mind, Bettelheim's work on childhood psychological problems, personality development, education of children, and therapeutic techniques, although often controversial, was highly respected, even celebrated. Such books as Love is Not Enough, The Empty Fortress, and The Uses of Enchantment, for example, had a tremendous influence on millions of people. In the general professional, psychological, and scholarly communities, Bettelheim's writings on his soul-saving efforts to help emotionally damaged children in institutional settings, on fairy tales, contemporary social problems, and the Holocaust were, and still are, frequently points of departure and debate. Most recently, Bettelheim's life and work—including his controversial suicide and the allegations that he systematically, physically, and psychologically mistreated his patients at the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School where he was director—is, as far as we know, the subject matter of at least five biographies that are in progress by authors in the United States and Europe.2

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.