|Werman, D.S., Guilbert, Y. (1998). Freud, Yvette Guilbert, and the Psychology of Performance: A Biographical Note. Psychoanal. Rev., 85:399-412.|
Viewing the full text of this document requires a subscription to PEP Web.
If you are coming in from a university from a registered IP address or secure referral page you should not need to log in. Contact your university librarian in the event of problems.
If you have a personal subscription on your own account or through a Society or Institute please put your username and password in the box below. Any difficulties should be reported to your group administrator.
(1998). Psychoanalytic Review, 85(3):399-412
Freud, Yvette Guilbert, and the Psychology of Performance: A Biographical Note
The friendship of Freud and Yvette Guilbert, the famous French “diseuse,” well-known today by Toulouse-Lautrec's pictures of her, was based manifestly on mutual admiration, , and respect, if not on reciprocal understanding. Guilbert had little or no of Freud's research into , and Freud seemed not to have understood or empathized with Yvette.
Their superficial albeit congenial friendship was challenged when Yvette asked Freud to explain how she was able to enter into the characters she portrayed on the . Freud provided an answer based on the influence of early memories. Yvette roundly this view, and defended the intense effort of the performer.
It is the opinion of the author that Freud and Yvette had each seized one end of the performer's activity: the regressive, on one hand, and the , creative ego work on the other. While advancing the concept of “ in the service of the ego,” psychoanalysts have paid little to the actual work of the ego.
On a wall in Freud's study, at Bergasse 19, were the photographs of three women: The first two were of Lou Andréas-Salomé and Marie Bonaparte, well-known to psychoanalysts as among Freud's cherished friends and colleagues. The third photograph was inscribed “Au savant le salut d'une artiste,” and was signed Yvette Guilbert, the French diseuse .
This paper was presented at the Mid-Winter Meeting of the American Psychoanalytic , in New York, December 17, 1995 in a slightly shorter version.
- 399 -
[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]