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Novick, J. Novick, K.K. (2013). Two Systems and Defenses. Psychoanal. Rev., 100(1):185-200.

(2013). Psychoanalytic Review, 100(1):185-200

Two Systems and Defenses

Jack Novick, Ph.D. and Kerry Kelly Novick

The authors suggest that Freud's concept of defense differentiated psychoanalysis from other medical and psychological theories of personality development and functioning then and now. Reclaiming the concept's centrality and linking it with interdisciplinary research findings, they illustrate their extension of defense into a two-system model of self-protection and self-regulation with a clinical example. The authors suggest that the two-system model allows for the reintegration of defense into a multidimensional psychoanalytic theory and multimodal therapeutic technique.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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