Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: PEP-Web Archive subscribers can access past articles and books…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

If you are a PEP-Web Archive subscriber, you have access to all journal articles and books, except for articles published within the last three years, with a few exceptions.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Kris, E. Provence, S. (1953). The Study of Variations of Early Parental Attitudes—A Preliminary Report. Psychoanal. St. Child, 8:20-47.

(1953). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 8:20-47

The Study of Variations of Early Parental Attitudes—A Preliminary Report

Ernst Kris, Ph.D. and Sally Provence, M.D.


During the last three decades, largely under the influence of psychoanalysis, the study of variations of parental attitudes has gained in scope. The most extensive contributions have come from social scientists who study variations of parental attitudes in their cultural distribution. most of these investigations deal with preliterate societies and only a few more recent ones with literate Asiatic cultures or subcultures of the western world. In none of these studies could data from psychoanalytic observations be used and few offer individual case histories of any kind. It is assumed in these investigations that the study of parental attitudes will lead to a better understanding of the development of the individual as a member of a specific group or culture. The studies in question deal essentially only with the methods of child care and education prescribed by social code. Hence parental attitudes are not viewed as reflecting an individual parent's sentiment concerning the child but as part of institutionalized behavior.

For some time a similar focus of attention had been shared by the various skill-groups and professions concerned with the study and the provision of optimal conditions for the growing child, by educators, pediatricians, psychologists and psychiatrists interested in children or in preventive medicine and mental health.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.