Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size?  In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+).  Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out).   To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command  on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Kris, E. Greenacre, P. Freud, A. Hartmann, H. Lewin, B.D. Escalona, S. Loewenstein, R.M. Jacobson, E. Spitz, R.A. Waelder, R. Davison, C. Bell, A. Mittelmann, B. Mahler, M.S. Bychowski, G. (1954). Problems of Infantile Neurosis—A Discussion. Psychoanal. St. Child, 9:16-71.

(1954). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 9:16-71

Problems of Infantile Neurosis—A Discussion

Ernst Kris, Phyllis Greenacre, Anna Freud, Heinz Hartmann, Bertram D. Lewin, Sibylle Escalona, Rudolph M. Loewenstein, Edith Jacobson, Rene A. Spitz, Robert Waelder, Charles Davison, Anita Bell, Bela Mittelmann, Margaret S. Mahler and Gustav Bychowski


Ladies and Gentlemen. It is my privilege to open the first of the three extraordinary sessions of the New York Psychoanalytic Society and Institute. The topic of today's symposium has been repeatedly suggested for discussion. It was among the topics submitted to the Program Committee of the last two International Congresses. It was then felt that the topic was better suited for a discussion by a more homogeneous group of analysts, so that unavoidable misunderstandings could be more easily clarified, and the existing diversity of opinion could readily be viewed in its relation to substantial agreements on basic principles of psychoanalytic thought.

Such a homogeneous group is assembled here around a guest, honored by all, beloved by many, in order to carry on an exchange of opinion without fear of controversy. On the contrary, we hope to stimulate some controversy, if only as a starting point, controversy moderated by the secure knowledge of the collective commitment. It is in this sense that we have come together to submit views to Miss Freud, and to tell her of our reactions to her own work.

The topic announced by the committee for the arrangement of this meeting is both wide and vague. The title may suggest several lines of thought. One may think of the infantile neurosis reconstructed and revived during the analysis of adult patients, or one may think of the neuroses of childhood. This is obviously more than a verbal or grammatical duplicity. These seem to be two different topics, and yet these two different topics are inseparably intertwined.

From a very early date in Freud's work, the psychoanalytic study of childhood has been conducted by two methods; by the reconstruction of childhood experience on the one hand, and by observation and treatment of the growing child on the other.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.