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Sandler, A. Daunton, E. Schnurmann, A. (1957). Inconsistency in the Mother as a Factor in Character Development: A Comparative Study of Three Cases. Psychoanal. St. Child, 12:209-225.

(1957). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 12:209-225

Inconsistency in the Mother as a Factor in Character Development: A Comparative Study of Three Cases

Anne-Marie Sandler, Elizabeth Daunton and Anneliese Schnurmann

With an Introduction by ANNA FREUD, LL.D. (London)


There is a variety of ways in which a mother's neurosis or personality disturbance can act unfavorably on a child's development; and there is a variety of ways in which the interaction of the partners in the preoedipal mother relationship can be explored. In our Hampstead Child-Therapy Clinic the method of choice is the procedure outlined by Dorothy Burlingham in her paper "Simultaneous Analysis of Mother and Child." This implies that mother and child are analyzed independently of each other, by two different workers; that the analysts do not communicate with each other so as not to exert any influence on the treatment of the other partner; and that they report to a third analyst who coordinates the material and scrutinizes it for whatever types of interaction may emerge.

The following "Comparative Study of Three Cases" of the Hampstead Child-Therapy Clinic, on the other hand, has not been carried out on the basis of this exacting method, nor is it equally ambitious in its aims.

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