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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from pepeasy.pep-web.org.  You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:

On IOS:

  1. Tap on the share icon  Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu

 

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Burlingham, D. (1961). Some Notes on the Development of the Blind. Psychoanal. St. Child, 16:121-145.

(1961). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 16:121-145

Some Notes on the Development of the Blind

Dorothy Burlingham

The aim of this study is to follow the development of the personality of the blind child, to contrast this with the familiar development of the sighted, to show up deviations, and wherever possible to explain them.

The material that we have at our disposal for this purpose is of various types: there are the observations made in our nursery group for the blind concerning children between three to seven years; there is the experience gained from the work with the mothers of these children; further, there is a group of babies now under observation and their mothers who are given help in raising them, and finally, there is the analytic material from five cases, ages between four to eleven years.

The blind are a minority in a world which is focused on the characteristics, needs, accomplishments, and behavior of the seeing. This means that although the blind themselves lack the stimuli provided by the visual sense, all the stimulation which they receive via the object world comes from people who see and bears the imprint of the sighted world. It is therefore hardly possible to study the mental processes of the blind undistorted by the influences which are brought to bear on them from their sighted environment.

EARLY OBJECT RELATIONSHIP

Based on her work with the mothers of blind infants and children, Mrs. E. M. Mason has described repeatedly the difficulties and obstacles which mother and child meet in making their first contact.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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