|Mahler, M.S. (1963). Thoughts about Development and Individuation. Psychoanal. St. Child, 18:307-324.|
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(1963). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 18:307-324
Thoughts about Development and Individuation
At an advanced in their lifework, some psychoanalysts seek to come closer to the actual fountainhead of their reconstructive efforts. Some, like myself, seek verbal and preverbal observational data—statu nascendi—such as will confirm, refute, modify, or elaborate psychoanalytic hypotheses. Through a study of normal infants and their mothers, I have been trying, not only to complement my psychoanalytic work with adults and children, but also to additional perspective and to validate previous studies in the area of infantile .
I have maintained a rather personal interest in one specific aspect of the rich heritage that Freud bestowed upon us, namely, his emphasis on the fact that a lifelong, albeit diminishing, emotional on the is a universal truth of human . The biological unpreparedness of the human infant to maintain his life separately conditions that species-specific prolonged which has been designated "the ." I believe it is from the of the -infant dual unity that those experiential precursors of individual beginnings are derived which, together with inborn , determine every human individual's unique somatic and psychological make-up.
The Abraham A. Brill Memorial Lecture, given to the New York Psychoanalytic on November 27, 1962.
This paper is partly based on a research project which was originally sponsored by the Field Foundation, and is presently sponsored by the National for Mental Health, Inc.; the Psychoanalytic Research and Fund, Inc.; and the Taconic Foundation.
Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
From the Masters Children's Center, 75 Horatio Street, New York 14; with the collaboration of Manuel Furer, M.D., and Mrs. Anni Bergman; with the assistance of Mrs. Edith Atkin, Ann Haeberle, Ph.D., Mrs. Emmagene Kamaiko, David L. Mayer, M.D., Fred Pine, Ph.D., and Herman Roiphe, M.D.
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