Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To use Pocket to save bookmarks to PEP-Web articles…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Pocket (formerly “Read-it-later”) is an excellent third-party plugin to browsers for saving bookmarks to PEP-Web pages, and categorizing them with tags.

To save a bookmark to a PEP-Web Article:

  • Use the plugin to “Save to Pocket”
  • The article referential information is stored in Pocket, but not the content. Basically, it is a Bookmark only system.
  • You can add tags to categorize the bookmark to the article or book section.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Freud, A. (1966). A Short History of Child Analysis. Psychoanal. St. Child, 21:7-14.

(1966). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 21:7-14

Original Articles

A Short History of Child Analysis

Anna Freud

It seems realistic for psychoanalysts to begin a new venture with a historical survey since this acknowledges the part which past experience plays in present actions and in expectations for the future. For this reason I suggested to the Program Committee of this new Association that their first meeting should be opened by a look back to the beginnings of child analysis, however abbreviated such an introductory account may have to be under the circumstances.


Child analysis as a subspecialty of psychoanalysis appeared on the scene approximately forty years ago. At the time this did not happen as an isolated new departure but as part and parcel of what we call in retrospect the "widening scope of psychoanalysis." While until then analytic therapy was confined in the main to young adults and the neuroses, from that era onward other ages as well as other categories of disturbance were included in its field of application. In Vienna, it was Siegfried Bernfeld who began with the analytic study and treatment of disturbed adolescents; August Aichhorn who pioneered in the field of Wayward Youth; Sadger who specialized in perversions; Paul Federn who experimented with the treatment of psychotics. In Berlin, Alexander and Staub turned to the study of criminals. In this extended area of work, child analysis occupied no more than a section, represented almost simultaneously by Hug-Hellmuth and after her me in Vienna; by Berta Bornstein, Melanie Klein, Ada Mueller-Braunschweig in Berlin; by Steff Bornstein in Prague and by Alice Balint in Budapest.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.