Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To save articles in ePub format for your eBook reader…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To save an article in ePub format, look for the ePub reader icon above all articles for logged in users, and click it to quickly save the article, which is automatically downloaded to your computer or device.  (There may be times when due to font sizes and other original formatting, the page may overflow onto a second page.).

You can also easily save to PDF format, a journal like printed format.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Freud, A. (1966). A Short History of Child Analysis. Psychoanal. St. Child, 21:7-14.

(1966). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 21:7-14

A Short History of Child Analysis

Anna Freud

It seems realistic for psychoanalysts to begin a new venture with a historical survey since this acknowledges the part which past experience plays in present actions and in expectations for the future. For this reason I suggested to the Program Committee of this new Association that their first meeting should be opened by a look back to the beginnings of child analysis, however abbreviated such an introductory account may have to be under the circumstances.


Child analysis as a subspecialty of psychoanalysis appeared on the scene approximately forty years ago. At the time this did not happen as an isolated new departure but as part and parcel of what we call in retrospect the "widening scope of psychoanalysis." While until then analytic therapy was confined in the main to young adults and the neuroses, from that era onward other ages as well as other categories of disturbance were included in its field of application. In Vienna, it was Siegfried Bernfeld who began with the analytic study and treatment of disturbed adolescents; August Aichhorn who pioneered in the field of Wayward Youth; Sadger who specialized in perversions; Paul Federn who experimented with the treatment of psychotics. In Berlin, Alexander and Staub turned to the study of criminals. In this extended area of work, child analysis occupied no more than a section, represented almost simultaneously by Hug-Hellmuth and after her me in Vienna; by Berta Bornstein, Melanie Klein, Ada Mueller-Braunschweig in Berlin; by Steff Bornstein in Prague and by Alice Balint in Budapest. Since this was at the time before formal psychoanalytic


Presented at the first scientific meeting of the American Association for Child Psychoanalysis, in Topeka, Kansas, on April 9, 1966.

- 7 -

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2018, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.