|Blos, P. (1967). The Second Individuation Process of Adolescence. Psychoanal. St. Child, 22:162-186.|
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(1967). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 22:162-186
The Second Individuation Process of Adolescence
The biological of growth and differentiation during effect changes in the and in the functioning of the organism. These changes occur in a typical and sequential order, called . The same applies to the psychological changes of . These, too, follow a developmental pattern but of a different order, since these changes draw content, stimulation, aim, and direction from a interplay of inner and outer impingements. What we, eventually, observe are new stabilizing and alterations of psychic structures, both of which are the result of adolescent accommodations.
At the points where both the pubertal and the adolescent accommodation intersect in order to become integrated, there we find the critical stations of adolescent . I have described these stations, clinically and theoretically, in terms of adolescent phases . They are the milestones of progressive , each marked by a -specific , a maturational task, and a resolution that is preconditional for the advance to higher levels of differentiation. Beyond these typical aspects of the adolescent phases, we can recognize a in psychic restructuring that winds, like a scarlet thread, through the entire fabric of . This unrelenting is manifest with equal pertinacity in as in late . It is conceptualized here as the second process of . In my previous studies of I have continuously emphasized the heterogeneity of phases in terms of the positions and movements of
The first draft of this paper was presented at Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, D.C., April 5, 1965; the second draft at the University Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan, February 15, 1966; the final draft at the Cleveland Psychoanalytic , February 17, 1967, and at the Michigan for , February 18, 1967.
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