Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To see papers related to the one you are viewing…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When there are articles or videos related to the one you are viewing, you will see a related papers icon next to the title, like this: RelatedPapers32Final3For example:

2015-11-06_09h28_31

Click on it and you will see a bibliographic list of papers that are related (including the current one).  Related papers may be papers which are commentaries, responses to commentaries, erratum, and videos discussing the paper.  Since they are not part of the original source material, they are added by PEP editorial staff, and may not be marked as such in every possible case.

 

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Sandler, A. (1989). Comments on Phobic Mechanisms in Childhood. Psychoanal. St. Child, 44:101-114.

(1989). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 44:101-114

Comments on Phobic Mechanisms in Childhood

Anne-Marie Sandler

IN JULY 1976 A SYMPOSIUM WAS HELD IN LONDON BY THE INTERNATIONAL Association for Child Psychoanalysis, on the topic of "Fears and Phobias in Childhood." At that meeting two cases of the analysis of young children were presented. There was, in addition, a panel discussion on the subject, and the meeting ended with a summing up by Anna Freud (1977). It is the remarks she made then that I want to take as the starting point for this paper. In spite of the excellence of the presentations and discussions in 1976, I (as well as many others) did not feel substantially wiser in regard to phobias after the meeting than we had before it. Anna Freud herself indicated her disquiet by starting her final comments with a criticism of the title of the symposium. She suggested that a title "Fears, Anxieties, and Phobic Phenomena" would have been more appropriate than "Fears and Phobias." Psychoanalysis, she said, had always distinguished between fear and anxiety, fear relating to a person's attitude toward real dangers threatening from the outside and anxiety being a reaction to internal threats arising from, as she put it, "clashes between the drives and internal opposing forces." Fears do not develop into phobias, she said, but anxiety can do so. To ignore the distinction between fears and anxieties, and "to treat the effect of external and internal threats under one and the same terminological heading is not a step forward in our theoretical position, but rather implies the reverse" (p. 86).

Thus

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.