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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Houzel, D. (2006). düşüncenin gelişimi ve stabilizasyon süreçleri. Psk. Yaz., 13:51-66.

(2006). Psikanaliz Yazıları (Psychoanalytic Writings), 13:51-66

düşüncenin gelişimi ve stabilizasyon süreçleri

(The Development of the Thinking and Processes of Stabilization)

Didier Houzel

Translated by:
M. Levent Kayaalp

The Development of the Thinking and Processes of Stabilization

The author addresses, from a psychoanalytical point of view, the issue of the growth of thinking. After a brief outline of Freud's and Melanie Klein's hypotheses in that field, he unfolds the theory of thinking developed by Wilfred Bion, based on the concept of projective identification conceived as a primitive mode of communication between infant and mother: the primitive bodily experiences (beta elements) of the infant are projected on to the mother who has the function to receive and transform theses projections into new elements (alpha elements) that the infant's psyche is able to process. Those elements give meaning to the primitive bodily experiences of the baby. The actual thoughts emerge in his/her mind when the infant is able to bear the frustration of the absence of his/her mother. He is now able to extract invariant shapes from his/her previous experiences and to apply those invariant shapes to the current situation. In terms of the current scientific models that theory could be interpreted in terms of emerging properties and structural stability. An extract of the psychoanalysis of a borderline adult patient illustrates that theory and its application to the analytic process.

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