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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Correal, J. (1957). Little, M.: Counter-Transference and the Patient's Response to it. (Contratransferencia y respuesta de los pacientes de la misma). Internat. J. Psychoanal. 1951, 32, 32.. Rev. psicoanál., 14(1-2):231-232.

(1957). Revista de Psicoanálisis, 14(1-2):231-232

Little, M.: Counter-Transference and the Patient's Response to it. (Contratransferencia y respuesta de los pacientes de la misma). Internat. J. Psychoanal. 1951, 32, 32.

Review by:
José Correal

Después de considerar las distintas definiciones que se han dado de la contratransferencia, la autora acepta la que expresa que es la totalidad de las actitudes o expresiones del analista dirigidas al paciente, conscientes o inconscientes, patológicas o no.

Una de las causas de que haya sido tan poco estudiado este factor, fundamental en el tratamiento psicoanalítico, es la actitud fobica o paranoide del analista hacia sus propios sentimientos, y a ello se debe un retraso en el avance del psicoanálisis, tal como lo afirmó Freud con respecto al descuido de la transferencia.

La transferencia y la contratransferencia son inseparables, forman una unidad dinámica.

La fuerza conductora del tratamiento psicoanalítico está basada en los impulsos del analista, modificados por una elaboración adecuada obtenida en su propio análisis, y dirigida a permitir o producir los mismos resultados en el analizado.

Hay actitudes contratransferenciales inadecuadas terapéuticamente, por ejemplo, manifestaciones de una voluntad inconsciente de no curar al paciente, por obtener de ello satisfacciones narcisistas, libidinosas o agresivas, que representan una identificación con censuras del superyo del analizado. Otro aspecto contratransferencial inconveniente se manifiesta en prohibiciones de “acting-out” útil al paciente, que pueden impedir un progreso de éste en su proceso de independencia del analista, tomando, en tales casos, el análisis el carácter de una racionalización que refuerza las resistencias neuróticas.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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