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The, J.T. (2020). L'émergence de la pulsion de vie dans le corpus freudien : de la biologie helmholtzienne à la métapsychologie. Rev. fr. psychanal., 84(4):857-867.

(2020). Revue française de psychanalyse, 84(4):857-867

L'émergence de la pulsion de vie dans le corpus freudien : de la biologie helmholtzienne à la métapsychologie

(The Emergence of the Life Drive in the Freudian Corpus : From Helmholtzian Biology to Metapsychology)

Jessica Tran The

Through an archaeological study of the emergence of questions related to the principles the regulation of psychic functioning in the Freudian corpus, I will try to shed light on how the metapsychological notion of “life drive” emerged in Freud's work. It will become clear that, from their beginnings, Freud's theoretical considerations displayed a manifest degree of autonomy with regard to a strictly biological point of view. After looking at the physical foundations of Freud's epistemological model, and particularly the influence of the School of Helmholtz and the thermodynamic principle of entropy, I will turn to the modifications introduced by the definition of the life drive in 1920, in order to show how, far from rehabilitating a theory of living matter in Freudian theory, it enhances on the contrary the emancipation and autonomy of the metapsychological concept of the drive with regard to any biological considerations.

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