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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Strachey, J. (1957). The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIV (1914-1916): On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement, Papers on Metapsychology and Other Works. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIV (1914-1916): On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement, Papers on Metapsychology and Other Works, ii-viii. The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-analysis, London.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIV (1914-1916): On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement, Papers on Metapsychology and Other Works

Strachey, J. (1957). The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIV (1914-1916): On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement, Papers on Metapsychology and Other Works, ii-viii. The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-analysis, London.

[SEN0a1]The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIV (1914-1916): On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement, Papers on Metapsychology and Other Works Next

Translated from the German under the General Editorship of James Strachey

In Collaboration with:
Anna Freud

Assisted by:
Alix Strachey and Alan Tyson

Sigmund Freud with a Group of his Closest Supporters By permission of Sigmund Freud Copyrights

- ii -

[SEN0a2]Contents

VOLUME FOURTEEN
ON THE HISTORY OF THE PSYCHO-ANALYTIC MOVEMENT
(1914)
  page
Editor's Note 3
On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement
7
ON NARCISSISM: AN INTRODUCTION (1914) 67
Editor's Note 69
On Narcissism: an Introduction
73
PAPERS ON METAPSYCHOLOGY [1915] 103
Editor's Introduction
105
INSTINCTS AND THEIR VICISSITUDES (1915) 109
Editor's Note 111
Instincts and their Vicissitudes
117
REPRESSION (1915) 141
Editor's Note 143
Repression
146
THE UNCONSCIOUS (1915) 159
Editor's Note 161
I Justification for the Concept of the Unconscious 166
II Various Meanings of ‘The Unconscious’—the Topographical Point of View 172
III Unconscious Feelings 177
IV Topography and Dynamics of Repression 180
V The Special Characteristics of the System Ucs. 186
VI Communication between the Two Systems 190

- v -

  page
VII Assessment of the Unconscious 196
Appendix A: Freud and Ewald Hering 205
Appendix B: Psycho-Physical Parallelism 206
Appendix C: Words and Things
209
A METAPSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPLEMENT TO THE THEORY OF DREAMS (1917 [1915]) 217
Editor's Note 219
A Metapsychological Supplement to the Theory of Dreams
222
MOURNING AND MELANCHOLIA (1917 [1915]) 237
Editor's Note 239
Mourning and Melancholia 243
APPENDIX: List of Writings by Freud Dealing Mainly with General Psychological Theory
259
A CASE OF PARANOIA RUNNING COUNTER TO THE PSYCHO-ANALYTIC THEORY OF THE DISEASE (1915)
261
THOUGHTS FOR THE TIMES ON WAR AND DEATH (1915) 273
   (I) The Disillusionment of the War 275
   (II) Our Attitude towards Death 289
Appendix: Letter to Dr. Frederik van Eeden
301
ON TRANSIENCE (1916 [1915])
303
SOME CHARACTER-TYPES MET WITH IN PSYCHOANALYTIC WORK (1916) 309
   (I) The ‘Exceptions’ 311
   (II) Those Wrecked by Success 316
   (III) Criminals from a Sense of Guilt 332

- vi -

  page
SHORTER WRITINGS (1915-1916) 335
A Mythological Parallel to a Visual Obsession 337
A Connection between a Symbol and a Symptom 339
Letter to Dr. Hermine von Hug-Hellmuth
341
BIBLIOGRAPHY AND AUTHOR INDEX
343
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
357
GENERAL INDEX
359*
FRONTISPIECE Sigmund Freud with a Group of his Closest Supporters  
   By permission of Sigmund Freud Copyrights  

* [SEN0a3]Not Available in PEP

- vii -

This Page Left Intentionally Blank

- viii -

[SEN0a4]List of Abbreviations

[SEN0a5]G.S. = Freud, Gesammelte Schriften (12 vols.), Vienna, 1924-34

[SEN0a6]G.W. = Freud, Gesammelte Werke (18 vols.), London, from 1940

[SEN0a7]C.P. = Freud, Collected Papers (5 vols.), London, 1924-50

[SEN0a8]Standard Ed. = Freud, Standard Edition (24 vols.), London, from 1953

[SEN0a9]S.K.S.N. = Freud, Sammlung kleiner Schriften zur Neurosenlehre (5 vols.), Vienna, 1906-22

[SEN0a10]Almanach 1926 = Almanach für das Jahr 1926, Vienna, Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag, 1925

[SEN0a11]Almanach 1927 = Almanach für das Jahr 1927, Vienna, Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag, 1926

[SEN0a12]Dichtung und Kunst = Freud, Psychoanalytische Studien an Werken der Dichtung und Kunst, Vienna, 1924

[SEN0a13]Neurosenlehre und Technik = Freud, Schriften zur Neurosenlehre und zur psychoanalytischen Tecknik (1913-1926), Vienna, 1931

[SEN0a14]Psychoanalyse der Neurosen = Freud, Studien zur Psychoanalyse der Neurosen aus den Jahren 1913-1925, Vienna, 1926

[SEN0a15]Technik und Metapsychol. = Freud, Zur Technik der Psychoanalyse und zur Metapsychologie, Vienna, 1924

[SEN0a16]Theoretische Schriften = Freud, Theoretische Schriften (1911-1925), Vienna, 1931

- 357 -

Article Citation [Who Cited This?]

Strachey, J. (1957). [SEN0a1]The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIV (1914-1916): On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement, Papers on Metapsychology and Other Works. ii-viii. The Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-analysis, London.

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