When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?
Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).
When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.
To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):
Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.
A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:
counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*
There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.
The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.
For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.
Freud, S. (1915). Thoughts For The Times On War And Death. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIV (1914-1916): On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement, Papers on Metapsychology and Other Works, 273-300.
Freud, S. (1915). [SEN273a1]Thoughts For The Times On War And Death. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume XIV (1914-1916): On the History of the Psycho-Analytic Movement, Papers on Metapsychology and Other Works, 273-300
[SEN273a1]Thoughts For The Times On War And Death
[SEN273a2]Editor's Note to "Thoughts For The Times On War And Death"
[SEN273a3](a) German Editions:
[SEN273a4]1915 Zeitgemässes Über Krieg Und Tod Imago, 4 (1), 1-21.
[SEN273a5]1918 Zeitgemässes Über Krieg Und Tod S.K.S.N., 4, 486-520. (1922, 2nd ed.)
[SEN273a6]1924 Zeitgemässes Über Krieg Und Tod G.S., 10, 315-346.
[SEN273a7]1924 Zeitgemässes Über Krieg Und Tod Leipzig, Vienna and Zurich: Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag. Pp. 35.
[SEN273a8]1946 Zeitgemässes Über Krieg Und Tod G.W., 10, 324-355.
[SEN273a9](b) English Translations:
[SEN273a10]Reflections on War and Death 1918 New York: Moffat, Yard. Pp. iii + 72. (Tr. A. A. Brill and A. B. Kuttner.)
[SEN273a11]‘Thoughts for the Times on War and Death’ 1925 C.P., 4, 288-317. (Tr. E. C. Mayne.)
[SEN273a12]The present translation is based on the one published in 1925.
[SEN273a13]These two essays were written round about March and April, 1915, some six months after the outbreak of the first World War, and express some of Freud's considered views on it. His more personal reactions will be found described in Chapter VII of Ernest Jones's second volume (1955). A letter written by him to a Dutch acquaintance, Dr. Frederik van Eeden, was published a short time before the present work: it appears as an appendix below, p. 301. Towards the end of the same year, 1915, Freud wrote another essay on an analogous theme, ‘On Transience’, which will also be found below (p.
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