Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To access PEP-Web support…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

If you click on the banner at the top of the website, you will be brought to the page for PEP-Web support.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Auestad, A. (1993). Comments on the Ikonen & Rechardt paper on the origin of shame. Scand. Psychoanal. Rev., 16(2):147-154.

(1993). Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review, 16(2):147-154

Comments on the Ikonen & Rechardt paper on the origin of shame

Anne-Marie Auestad, M.D.

Initial Remarks

In the above-mentioned article, Ikonen & Rechardt (1993) emphasize the absence of thinking and paralysis as a result of avoidance of shame. They underline the importance of identifying and treating the feeling of shame in the analytic work, which may lead to a release in the analytic process. Reading the article inspired associations to clinical situations as well as to daily experiences and reflections.

Therefore, from the point of view of a child analyst, I will mention some thoughts which have come to my mind.

The Need to Find Reciprocity—the Theories of Object Relations

The authors put forward their view that shame is a reaction to the absence of approving reciprocity. Within this formulation, a fundamental view on development and the making of personality is contained.

In the literature survey, it is emphasized that absence of reciprocity and the feeling of being observed in this can occur on different psychosexual levels, and promote a feeling of unworthiness.

The unbearable feeling of shame can be turned against the self, “The narcisistic collapse”, or against the other. Ikonen & Rechardt (1993) suggest in the section. “The libidomatrix” that “from the moment of birth onward throughout life, the libido is a need to find reciprocity.” (p. 103). As I understand it, this is the fundament of object relations theory as proposed by for instance Melanie Klein, Ronald Fairbairn, D. W.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.