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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Bodin, G. (1994). A comparison of concepts in self-psychology and Winnicott's theory of the development of the self. Scand. Psychoanal. Rev., 17(1):40-58.

(1994). Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review, 17(1):40-58

A comparison of concepts in self-psychology and Winnicott's theory of the development of the self

Gudrun Bodin, Cand, psych

In just a few decades, self-psychology has continually grown, and has become an influential movement. It was a stalemate in psychoanalysis of adult psychoneurotic patients that inspired Kohut to reconsider his diagnosis system and “classical” approach (Wolf 1988: p. 30). Instead of interpreting drive conflicts and resistance against them, he started to investigate the self-experience and found that coherence in the self experience was of central importance. Letting the patients describe how they saw and experienced themselves, Kohut found, was a relief of acute symptoms. From this, he developed a theory of a self-dependence of a self-object matrix, and age-appropriate self-object experiences vital for development of the self.

Kohut started as a productive writer in the mid 60s, developing his theory of self-psychology (Strolzier, 1986). He set out from a classical drivebased psychoanalytic metapsychology and developed self-psychology as an alternative paradigm having the drives replaced by the concept of a supraordinated self (Smith, 1989). Kohut only published a few books, but while developing his theory, he was surrounded by a group of younger, creative colleagues, enthusiastically sharing his ideas. After his death in 1982, this group has continued his work, laboring and clarifying his concepts and theory, and this group has become prominent in the movement of self-psychology.

Self psychologists themselves describe Kohut as “an independent, original thinker, a genius, like Freud” (Wolf, 1988, pp. 13, 23). E.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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