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Vitger, J. (2002). Införlivanden. Om Den Utvecklande Dialogens Betingelser (Assimilations: on the conditions of the development-enhancing dialogue): Clarence Crafoord. Stockholm: Natur och Kultur, 2001.. Scand. Psychoanal. Rev., 25(2):160-161.

(2002). Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review, 25(2):160-161

Införlivanden. Om Den Utvecklande Dialogens Betingelser (Assimilations: on the conditions of the development-enhancing dialogue): Clarence Crafoord. Stockholm: Natur och Kultur, 2001.

Review by:
John Vitger

“Införlivanden” is a broad term designating a psychic mechanism through which influences from outside and inside the psyche will determine how the individual experiences the world and himself. Clarence Crafoord also speaks about “införlivande” as the phenomenon when a concept, a face or an event assumes a special meaning for a person. This meaning will settle as an internal structure, which will become responsible for how further influences will be perceived and managed. The mechanism will be part of a continual interchange between the individual and his surroundings. This interchange Crafoord calls the development-enhancing dialogue. The book reviewed here represents Crafoord's thoughts about the characteristics and meanings of this dialogue.

The Swedish term “införlivande” seems to me, from a linguistic point of view, suitable for communicating the meaning which Crafoord attributes to this phenomenon. Crafoord has himself compared his term with the psychoanalytic concept of internalisation. However, the use of the Swedish term suggests a broader field of meaning than the more technical concept of internalisation. There may be problems in translating it into other languages. A possible Danish translation might be “tilegnelse”. Perhaps a more everyday appropriate English term could be “assimilation”.

Crafoord's basic idea is that man's psyche is built up through a constant dialogue with his surroundings.

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