Login
Dowling, S. (1995). The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior. The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior, 1-225. International Universities Press, Inc. Madison Connecticut.

Welcome to PEP Web!

Viewing the full text of this document requires a subscription to PEP Web.

If you are coming in from a university from a registered IP address or secure referral page you should not need to log in. Contact your university librarian in the event of problems.

If you have a personal subscription on your own account or through a Society or Institute please put your username and password in the box below. Any difficulties should be reported to your group administrator.

Username:
Password:

Can't remember your username and/or password? If you have forgotten your username and/or password please click here and log in to the PaDS database. Once there you need to fill in your email address (this must be the email address that PEP has on record for you) and click "Send." Your username and password will be sent to this email address within a few minutes. If this does not work for you please contact your group organizer.

Athens or federation user? Login here.

Not already a subscriber? Order a subscription today.

Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior

Dowling, S. (1995). The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior, 1-225. International Universities Press, Inc. Madison Connecticut.

The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior Next

Edited by:
Scott Dowling, M.D.

This Book Is Dedicated to the Memory of Our Friend and Colleague

Edith Sabshin, M.D.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- v -

This Page Left Intentionally Blank

Contents

Acknowledgments ix
Contributors xi
Introduction  
  Scott Dowling, M.D. xiii
Section I. The Workshop Papers
1. Psychoanalytic Studies of Addictive Behavior: A Review  
  Edith Sabshin, M.D. 3
2. Self-Regulation Vulnerabilities in Substance Abusers: Treatment Implications  
  Edward J. Khantzian, M.D. 17
3. Compulsiveness and Conflict: The Distinction Between Description and Explanation in the Treatment of Addictive Behavior  
  Leon Wurmser, M.D. 43
4. Disorders of Emotional Development in Addictive Behavior  
  Henry Krystal, M.D. 65
5. Erotic Passion: A Form of Addiction  
  Anna Ornstein, M.D. 101
6. Sexual Addiction  
  Wayne A. Myers, M.D. 115


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- vii -

Section II. The Discussions
7. Psychic Helplessness and the Psychology of Addiction  
  Lance M. Dodes, M.D. 133
8. A Child Analyst Looks at Addictive Behavior  
  Dale R. Meers, Ph.D. 147
9. “Transitional” and “Autistic” Phenomena in Addictive Behavior  
  David M. Hurst, M.D. 163
10. The Advantages of Multiple Approaches to Understanding Addictive Behavior  
  Jacob G. Jacobson, M.D. 175
References 191
Name Index 215
Subject Index 219


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- viii -

Acknowledgments

This book is based on presentations at two Seminars for Clinicians conferences organized and sponsored by the American Psychoanalytic Association. The first of these conferences took place in Washington, DC, on October 13-14, 1990, cosponsored by the Washington Psychoanalytic Society, and the Baltimore-Washington Psychoanalytic Society and Institute. The second conference took place in Seattle, Washington, on March 16-17, 1991, cosponsored by the Seattle Psychoanalytic Society and Institute. These conferences and this volume would not have been possible without the active cooperation and support of all the organizations involved and by the members of both societies who contributed their time and effort to the undertaking. The hard work and initiative of Mrs. Helen Fischer, Executive Director of the American Psychoanalytic Association, and her staff were essential to the success of these conferences and to the production of this volume.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- ix -

This Page Left Intentionally Blank

Contributors

Lance M. Dodes, M.D., Faculty, Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute; Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School

David M. Hurst, M.D., Secretary, American Psychoanalytic Association; Director, Training and Supervising Analyst, Denver Institute for Psychoanalysis; Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine

Jacob G. Jacobson, M.D., Training and Supervising Analyst, Denver Institute for Psychoanalysis; Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, University of Colorado, Department of Psychiatry

Edward J. Khantzian, M.D., President, American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and The Addictions; Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School; Associate Chief of Psychiatry, Tewksbury Hospital, Tewksbury, Massachusetts; Principal Psychiatrist for Substance Abuse Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, The Cambridge Hospital, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Henry Krystal, M.D., Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry, Michigan State University; Lecturer, Michigan Psychoanalytic Institute

Dale R. Meers, Ph.D., Teaching Analyst, The Baltimore-Washington Institute for Psychoanalysis; Past President, The Consultation and Treatment Services of the Baltimore-District of Columbia Institute for Psychoanalysis, Inc.

Wayne A. Myers, M.D., Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Cornell University Medical Center; Training and Supervising Psychoanalyst, Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- xi -

Anna Ornstein, M.D., Professor of Child Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati; Co-Director, International Center for the Study of Self Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry

Edith Sabshin, M.D. was a Training and Supervising Analyst of the Washington Psychoanalytic Institute, Washington, DC and Professorial Lecturer, Georgetown University, Washington, DC. Dr. Sabshin died on March 23, 1992.

Leon Wurmser, M.D., Training and Supervising Analyst, New York Freudian Society; Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, University of West Virginia


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- xii -

References

Abend, S., Porder, M., & Willick, M. (1983), Borderline Patients: Psychoanalytic Perspectives. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Abraham, K. (1908), The psychological relation between sexuality and alcoholism. In: Selected Papers of Karl Abraham. New York: Basic Books, 1960. [→]

Abraham, K. (1916), The first pregenital stage of the libido. In: Selected Papers on Psychoanalysis, Vol. 1. New York: Basic Books, 1954.

Abraham, K. (1924), The influence of oral eroticism on character formation. In: Selected Papers on Psychoanalysis, Vol. 1. New York: Basic Books, 1954. [→]

Adler, G., & Buie, D. (1979), Aloneness and borderline psychopathology: The possible relevance of child developmental issues. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 60, 83-86. [→]

Alcoholics Anonymous World Services (1952), Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions. New York: Alcoholics Anonymous World Services.

Alcoholics Anonymous World Services (1975), Living Sober. New York: Alcoholics Anonymous World Services.

Alcoholics Anonymous World Services (1976), Alcoholics Anonymous, 3rd ed. New York: Alcoholics Anonymous World Services.

American Psychiatric Association (1994), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. (DSM-IV). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.

Archibald, W. C., Long, D. M., Miller, C., & Tuddenham, R. D. (1962), Gross stress reaction to combat: Fifteen year follow-up. Amer. J. Psychiatry, 119, 317-322.

Archibald, W. C., Long, D. M., Miller, C., & Tuddenham, R. D. (1965), Persistent stress reaction after combat. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 12, 475-481.

Arvanitakis, K. (1985), The third Soter who ordaineth all. Internat. Rev. Psychoanal., 12, 431-440. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 191 -

Balint, M. (1968), The Basic Fault: Therapeutic Aspects of Regression. London: Tavistock. [→]

Blatt, S. J., Berman, W., Bloom-Feshback, S., Sugarman, A., Wilber, C., & Kleber, H. (1984), Psychological assessment of psychopathology in opiate addicts. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., 172, 156-165.

Blumenthal, S. (1988), A guide to risk factors, assessment and treatment of suicidal patients, Med. Clin. N. Amer., 72, 937-971.

Bowlby, J. (1961), Processes of mourning. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 42, 317-340. [→]

Bowlby, J. (1969), Attachment and Loss, Vol. 1. New York: Basic Books. [→]

Bowlby, J. (1977), The making and breaking of affectional bonds. Brit. J. Psychiatry, 130, 201-210.

Bowlby, J. (1980), Information processing approach to defense. In: Attachment and Loss, Vol. 2. New York: Basic Books, pp. 44-74.

Brazelton, T. B., & Cramer, B. G. (1990), The Earliest Relationship. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley Publishing.

Brazelton, T. B., & Tronick, E. (1978), The infant's response to entrapment between contradictory messages in face-to-face interaction. J. Amer. Acad. Child Psychiatry, 17, 1-13.

Breasch, L. D. (1990), Book review of “Integration and Self-Healing.” Psychoanal. Quart., 49, 157-159. [→]

Brenner, C. (1982), The Mind in Conflict. New York: International Universities Press.

Brill, A. H. (1922), Tobacco and the individual. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 3, 430-444. [→]

Brill, N. Q., & Beebe, G. W. (1955), A Follow-Up Study of War Neuroses. Veterans Administration Medical Monograph. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Brown, S. (1985), Treating the Alcoholic: A Developmental Model of Recovery. New York: John Wiley.

Calef, V., & Weinshel, E. M. (1984), Anxiety and the restitutional function of homosexual cruising. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 65, 45-53. [→]

Campbell, J. (1989), The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Los Angeles, CA: Audio Renaissance Tapes.

Cohen, J. (1980), Structural consequences of psychic trauma: A new look at beyond the pleasure principle. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 61, 421-454. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 192 -

Cohen, J. (1987), Trauma and repression. Psychoanal. Inqu., 5, 163-189. [→]

Cohen, J., Kinston, W. (1984), Repression theory: A new look at the cornerstone. Internat J. Psycho-Anal., 65, 411-422. [→]

de M'Uzan, M. (1974a), Analytical process and the notion of the past. Intern. Rev. Psycho-Anal., 1, 461-480. [→]

de M'Uzan, M. (1974b), Psychodynamic mechanisms in psycho-somatic symptom formation. Psychother. Psychosom., 23, 103-110.

Deri, S. K. (1984), Symbolization and Creativity. New York: International Universities Press.

Desmers-Derosiers, L. A. (1982), Influence of alexithymia on symbolic function. Psychother. & Psychosom., 38, 103-120.

Dodes, L. M. (1984), Abstinence from alcohol in long-term individual psychotherapy with alcoholics. Amer. J. Psychother., 38, 248-256.

Dodes, L. M. (1988), The psychology of combining dynamic psychotherapy and Alcoholics Anonymous. Bull. Menninger Clinic, 52, 283-293.

Dodes, L. M. (1990), Addiction, helplessness, and narcissistic rage. Psychoanal. Quart., 59, 398-419. [→]

Dodes, L. M. (1991), Psychotherapy is useful, often essential, for alcoholics. Psychodynamic Letter, 1(2):4-7.

Dodes, L. M., Khantzian, E.J. (1991), Individual psychodynamic psychotherapy. In: Clinical Textbook of Addictive Disorders, ed. R. J. Frances & S. I. Miller. New York: Guilford Press.

Dorpat, T. L. (1985), Denial and Defense in Therapeutic Situations. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson. [→]

Dorsey, J. M. (1971a), Psychology of Emotion: Self Discipline by Conscious Emotional Continence. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.

Dorsey, J. M. (1971b), Psychology of Language: A Local Habitation and a Name. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.

Dorus, W., & Senay, E. (1980), Depression, demographic dimension and drug abuse. Amer. J. Psychiatry, 137, 699-704.

Dowling, S. (1977), Seven infants with esophageal atresia: A developmental study. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 32, 215-256. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. [→]

Dowling, S. (1986), Discussion of the various contributions. In: The Reconstruction of Trauma, ed. A. Rothstein. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, pp. 205-217.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 193 -

Duffy, E. (1951), The concept of energy mobilization. Psychol. Rev., 58, 30-40.

Duffy, E. (1957), The psychological significance of the concept of “arousal” or “activation.” Psycholog. Rev., 64, 265-275.

Duffy, E. (1972), Activation. In: Handbook of Psychophysiology, ed. M. S. Greenfield & R. A. Steinback. New York: Holt, Reinhart & Winston.

Duffy, E., Freeman, G. L. (1933), The facilitative and inhibitory effects of muscular tension on performance. Amer. J. Psychol., 45, 17-52.

Duffy, E., Freeman, G. L. (1948), The Energetics of Behavior. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Duffy, E., Malmo, R. B. (1959), Activation: A neurophysiological dimension. Psychol. Rev., 66, 367-386.

Duffy, E., Pribram, K. H. & McGuinnes, D. (1975), Arousal, activation, and effort in the control of attention. Psychol. Rev., 32, 116-140.

Dukakis, K., with J. Scovell (1990), Now You Know. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Edgecumbe, R. (1983), On learning to talk to oneself. Bull. Brit. Psychoanal. Soc., 5, 1-13.

Engel, G. L. (1962a), Anxiety and depression-withdrawal: The primary affects of unpleasure. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 43, 89-98. [→]

Engel, G. L. (1962b), Psychological Development in Health and Disease. Philadelphia: Saunders.

Engel, G. L. (1963), Toward a classification of affects. In: Expression of Emotion in Man, ed. P. H. Knapp. New York: International Universities Press, pp. 262-293.

Engel, G. L. (1967), Ego development following severe trauma in infancy. Bull. Assn. Psychoanal. Med., 6, 57-61.

Engel, G. L., Reichsman, F. (1956), Spontaneous and experimentally induced depression in an infant with gastric fistula. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 4, 428-453. [→]

Engel, G. L., Schmale, A. (1967), The giving-up given-up complex illustrated on film. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 17, 135-145.

Fairbairn, W. R. D. (1954), An Object Relations Theory of the Personality. New York: Basic Books.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 194 -

Fenichel, O. (1931), Outline of clinical psychoanalysis. Psychoanal. Quart. 2:583-591, 1933. [→]

Fenichel, O. (1945), The Psychoanalytic Theory of the Neuroses. New York: W. W. Norton.

Fingarette, H. (1988), Heavy Drinking: The Myth of Alcoholism as a Disease. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Freeman, G. L. (1948), The Energetics of Behavior. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Freud, A. (1965), Normality and pathology in childhood: Assessments of development. The Writings, Vol. 6. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Freud, S. (1893-1895), Studies on Hysteria. Standard Edition, 2, 1-240. London: Hogarth Press, 1955. [→]

Freud, S. (1905), Three essays on the theory of sexuality. Standard Edition, 7, 125-243. London: Hogarth Press, 1955. [→]

Freud, S. (1911), Psycho-analytic notes on an autobiographical account of a case of paranoia. Standard Edition, 12, 9-82. London: Hogarth Press, 1958. [→]

Freud, S. (1914), On narcissism. Standard Edition, 14, 67-102. London: Hogarth Press, 1957. [→]

Freud, S. (1916), Some character types met with in psychoanalytic work. Standard Edition, 14, 309-333. London: Hogarth Press, 1957. [→]

Freud, S. (1920), Beyond the pleasure principle. Standard Edition, 18, 3-64. London: Hogarth Press, 1955. [→]

Freud, S. (1924), Neurosis and psychosis. Standard Edition, 19, 149-156. London: Hogarth Press, 1961. [→]

Freud, S. (1926), Inhibitions, symptoms, and anxiety. Standard Edition, 20, 77-175. London: Hogarth Press, 1959. [→]

Frosch, W. (1970), Panel: Psychoanalytic evaluation of addiction and habituation. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 18, 209-218. [→]

Gadini, R. (1975), The concept of the transitional object. J. Amer. Acad. Child Psychiatry, 14, 731-736. [→]

Gadini, R. (1987), Early care and the roots of internalization. Intern. Rev. Psycho-Anal., 14, 321-333. [→]

Gawin, F. H., & Kleber, H. D. (1984), Cocaine abuse treatment. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 41, 903-908.

Gawin, F. H., & Kleber, H. D. (1986), Pharmacological treatment of cocaine abuse. Psychiatric Clin. N. Amer., 9, 573-583.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 195 -

Gay, P. (1988), Freud: A Life for Our Time. New York: W. W. Norton.

Gedo, J. (1979), Beyond Interpretation. New York: International Universities Press.

Gedo, J. (1986), Conceptual Issues in Psychoanalysis: Essays in History and Method. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.

Glover, E. (1931), The prevention and treatment of drug addiction. Brit. J. Inebriety, 29, 13-18.

Glover, E. (1932), On the etiology of drug addiction. In: On the Early Development of Mind. New York: International Universities Press, 1956. [→]

Glover, E. (1949), Psycho-Analysis. New York: Staples Press. [→]

Goodman, E. (1990), The missing picture of Kitty Dukakis. Boston Globe, September 16, p. A25.

Gottschalk, L. A. (1978), Content analysis of speech in psychiatric research. Comprehen. Psychiatry, 19, 387-392.

Gray, P. (1973), Psychoanalytic technique and the ego's capacity for viewing interpsychic activity. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 21, 474-494. [→]

Gray, P. (1986), On helping analysands observe intra-psychic activity. In: Psychoanalysis: The Science of Mental Conflict. Essays in Honor of Charles Brenner, ed. A. Richards & M. Willick. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.

Gray, P. (1987), On the technique of analysis of the superego—An introduction. Psychoanal. Quart., 56, 130-154. [→]

Gray, P. (1990), The nature of therapeutic action in psychoanalysis. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 38, 1083-1097. [→]

Gray, P. (1991), On transferred permissive or approving superego functions: Analysis of the ego's superego activities. Part II. Psychoanal. Quart., 60, 1-21. [→]

Greenspan, S. I. (1981), Psychopathology and Adaptation in Infancy and Early Childhood. New York: International Universities Press.

Greenspan, S. I. (1987), Early care and the roots of internalization. Internat. Rev. Psychoanal., 14, 321-333. [→]

Grünbaum, A. (1984), The Foundations of Psychoanalysis. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Hadley, J. (1983), The representational system: A bridging concept for psychoanalysis and trauma physiology. Internat. Rev. Psychoanal., 10, 13-30. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 196 -

Hadley, J. (1985), Attention, affect, and attachment. Psychoanal. & Contemp. Thought, 8, 529-550. [→]

Hering, A. M. (1987), Alexithymia: A Developmental View Using a Differentiation Model of Affect Maturity. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan.

Hesselbrock, M. N., Meyer, R. E., & Keener, J. J. (1985), Psychopathology in hospitalized alcoholics. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 42, 1050-1055.

Hofer, M. A. (1978), Hidden regulatory processes in early social relationship. In: Perspectives in Ethology, Vol. 3, ed. P. G. Bateson & P. H. Klopfer. New York: Plenum Press.

Hofer, M. A. (1981a), Toward a developmental basis for disease predisposition: The effect of early maternal separation on brain, behavior, and cardiovascular system. In: Brain, Behavior, and Bodily Disease, ed. H. Werner, M. A. Holdes, & A. J. Stunkard. New York: Raven Press.

Hofer, M. A. (1981b), The Roots of Human Behavior. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

Hofer, M. A. (1982), Some thoughts on “the transduction of experience” from a developmental perspective. Psychosom. Med., 44, 19-28.

Hofer, M. A. (1983), On the relationship between attachment and separation processes in infancy. In: Emotion: Theory, Research and Experience: Emotions in Early Development, Vol. 2, ed. R. Pluchik. New York: Academic Press.

Hofer, M. A. (1990), Early symbiotic processes: Hard evidence from a soft place. In: Pleasure Beyond The Pleasure Principle, ed. R. A. Glick & S. Bone. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, pp. 55-78.

Hofer, M. A., Weiner, H. (1971), The development and mechanism of cardio-respiratory responses to maternal deprivation in rat pups. Psychosom. Med., 33, 353-363.

Hoppe, K. D. (1977), Split brain and psychoanalysis. Psychoanal. Quart., 46, 220-244. [→]

Hoppe, K. D. (1978), Split brain—Psychoanalytic findings and hypotheses. J. Amer. Acad. Psychoanal., 6, 193-213. [→]

Hoppe, K. D. (1984), Severed ties. In: Psychoanalytic Reflections on the Holocaust: Selected Essays, ed. S. A. Luel & P. Markus. New York: Ktav Publishing House, pp. 113-133.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 197 -

Horton, P. L., & Sharp, S. L. (1981), Solace: The Missing Dimension in Psychiatry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Horton, P. L., & Sharp, S. L. (1984), Language, solace, and transitional relatedness. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 39, 167-194. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. [→]

Horton, P. L., Gewirtz, H. E., & Kreutter, K. L., eds. (1988), The Solace Paradigm. Madison, CT: International Universities Press.

Jacobson, E. (1964), The Self and the Object World. New York: International Universities Press.

Jacobson, E. (1971), Depression: Comparative Studies of Normal, Neurotic and Psychotic Conditions. New York: International Universities Press.

Jacobson, J. G. (1993), Developmental observation, multiple models of the mind, and the therapeutic relationship in psychoanalysis. Psychoanal. Quart., 62, 523-552. [→]

Joffe, W.G. (1969), A critical review of the status of the envy concept. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 50, 533-545. [→]

Jones, E. (1953), The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 1. New York: Basic Books. [→]

Jones, E. (1955), The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 2. New York: Basic Books. [→]

Jones, J. M. (1982), Affects: A nonsymbolic information processing system. Paper presented at the American Psychoanalytic Association as a precirculated paper, December. [→]

Kernberg, O. (1975), Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narcissism. New York: Jason Aronson.

Kernberg, O. (1976), Object-Relations Theory and Clinical Psychoanalysis. New York: Jason Aronson.

Kernberg, O. (1984), Severe Personality Disorders. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Khantzian, E. J. (1972), A preliminary dynamic formulation of the psychopharmacologic action of methadone. Proceedings of the Fourth National Methadone Conference, San Francisco.

Khantzian, E. J. (1974), Opiate addiction: A critique of theory and some implications for treatment. Amer. J. Psychotherapy, 28, 59-70.

Khantzian, E. J. (1975), Self selection and progression in drug dependence. Psychiatry Digest, 10, 19-22.

Khantzian, E. J. (1978), The ego, the self and opiate addiction: Theoretical and treatment considerations. Internat. Rev. Psychoanal., 5, 189-198. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 198 -

Khantzian, E. J. (1985a), The self-medication hypothesis of addictive disorders. Amer. J. Psychiatry, 142, 1259-1264.

Khantzian, E. J. (1985b), Psychotherapeutic intervention with substance abusers—The clinical context. J. Substance Abuse Treatment, 2, 83-88.

Khantzian, E. J. (1986), A contemporary psychodynamic approach to drug abuse treatment. Amer. J. Drug Alcohol Abuse, 12(3):213-222.

Khantzian, E. J. (1987), Substance dependence, repetition and the nature of addictive suffering. Typescript.

Khantzian, E. J. (1988), The primary care therapist and patient needs in substance abuse treatment. Amer. J. Drug Alcohol Abuse., 14(2):159-167.

Khantzian, E. J. (1989), Substance dependence, repetition and the nature of addictive suffering. Typescript.

Khantzian, E. J. (1990), Self-regulation and self-medication factors in alcoholism and the addictions. In: Recent Developments in Alcoholism, Vol. 8, ed. M. Galanter. New York: Plenum, pp. 225-271.

Khantzian, E. J. (1991), Self-regulation factors in cocaine dependence—a clinical perspective. In: The Epidemiology of Cocaine Use and Abuse, ed. S. Schober & C. Schade. Research Monograph #110. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, pp. 211-226.

Khantzian, E. J., Halliday, K. S., & McAuliffe, W. E. (1990), Addiction and the Vulnerable Self: Modified Dynamic Group Therapy for Substance Abusers (MDGT). New York: Guilford Press.

Khantzian, E. J., Mack, J. E. (1983), Self-preservation and the care of the self-ego instincts reconsidered. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 38, 209-232. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. [→]

Khantzian, E. J., Mack, J. E. (1989), Alcoholics Anonymous and contemporary psychodynamic theory. In: Recent Developments in Alcoholism, Vol. 7, ed. M. Galanter. New York: Plenum, pp. 67-89.

Khantzian, E. J. Mack, J. E. (1994), How AA works and why clinicians should understand. J. Substance Abuse Treatment, 11, 77-92.

Khantzian, E. J. Treece, C. (1985), DSM-III psychiatric diagnosis of narcotic addicts: Recent findings. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 42, 1067-1071.

Khantzian, E. J., Wilson, A. (1993), Substance abuse, repetition, and the nature of addictive suffering. In: Hierarchical Conceptions in Psychoanalysis, ed. A. Wilson & J. E. Gedo. New York: Guilford Press.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 199 -

Kinston, W., & Cohen, J. (1986), Primal repression: Clinical and theoretical aspects of the mind: The realm of psychic states. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 67, 337-355. [→]

Kinston, W., & Cohen, J. (1987), Primal repression and other states of the mind: The realm of psychostatics. Paper presented to the German Psychoanalytic Association.

Kleber, H. D., & Gold, M. S. (1978), Use of psychotherapeutic drugs in the treatment of methadone maintained narcotic addicts. J Amer. Acad. Sci., 331, 81-98.

Klein, M. (1946), Notes on some schizoid mechanisms. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 27, 99-110. [→]

Klein, M. (1968), Contributions to Psychoanalysis 1921-1945. London: Hogarth Press.

Knight, R. (1937), The dynamics and treatment of chronic alcoholic addiction. Bull. Menninger Clinic, 1, 233-250.

Kohut, H. (1968), The psychoanalytic treatment of narcissistic personality disorders. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 23, 86-113. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Kohut, H. (1971), The Analysis of the Self. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Kohut, H. (1972), Thoughts on narcissism and narcissistic rage. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 27, 360-400. Chicago: Quadrangle. [→]

Kohut, H. (1977), The Restoration of the Self. New York: International Universities Press.

Kohut, H. (1984), How Does Analysis Cure? Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Kohut, H., Wolf, E. S. (1978), The disorders of the self and their treatment: An outline. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 59, 413-425. [→]

Kris, A. O. (1990), Helping patients by analyzing self-criticism. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 38, 605-636. [→]

Krystal, H. (1959), The physiological basis of the treatment of delirium tremens. Amer. J. Psychiatry, 116, 137-147.

Krystal, H. (1961), The management of alcoholism in medical practice. Mich. State Med. Soc., 60, 73-78.

Krystal, H. (1962), The opiate withdrawal syndrome as a state of stress. Psychoanal. Quart., (Suppl.) 36: 53-65. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 200 -

Krystal, H. (1963), Social forces and the management of alcoholic patients. Mich. State Med. Soc., 62, 500-505.

Krystal, H. (1964), Therapeutic assistants in psychotherapy with regressed patients. In: Current Psychiatric Therapies, ed. J. Masserman. New York: Grune & Stratton, pp. 230-232.

Krystal, H. (1966), Withdrawal from drugs. Psychosomatics, 7, 199-302.

Krystal, H. (1968), Studies of concentration camp survivors. In: Massive Psychic Trauma, ed. H. Krystal. New York: International Universities Press, pp. 256-276.

Krystal, H. (1970), Trauma and the stimulus barrier. Paper presented to meeting of American Psychoanalytic Association, New York. [→]

Krystal, H. (1971), Trauma: Consideration of its intensity and chronicity. In: Psychic Traumatization, ed. H. Krystal & W. G. Niederland. Boston: Little, Brown, pp. 11-28.

Krystal, H. (1974), The genetic development of affects and affect regression. The Annual of Psychoanalysis, 2, 98-126. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Krystal, H. (1977a), Aspects of affect theory. Bull. Menninger Clinic, 41, 1-26.

Krystal, H. (1977b), Self-representation and the capacity for self-care. The Annual of Psychoanalysis, 6, 209-246. new York: International Universities Press. [→]

Krystal, H. (1977c), Self and object-representation in alcoholism and other drug dependence: Implications of therapy. In: Psychoanalytic Memos of Drug Dependence, ed. J. D. Blaine & D. A. Julius. NIDA Research Management 12. Washington, DC: Department of Health, Education and Welfare/U.S. Public Health Service, pp. 98-100.

Krystal, H. (1978a), Trauma and affect. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 33, 81-116. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. [→]

Krystal, H. (1978b), Catastrophic psychic trauma and psychogenic death. In: Psychiatric Problems in Medical Practice, ed. G. U. Balis, L. Wurmser, E. McDaniel, & R. G. Grenell. Boston: Butterworth, pp. 79-97.

Krystal, H. (1978c), Self representation and the capacity for self care. The Annual of Psychoanalysis, 6, 209-246. New York: International Universities Press. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 201 -

Krystal, H. (1979), Alexithymia and psychotherapy. Amer. J. Psychother., 33, 17-31.

Krystal, H. (1981), The hedonic element in affectivity. The Annual of Psychoanalysis, 9, 93-115. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Krystal, H. (1982a), The activating aspect of emotions. Psychoanal. & Contemp. Thought, 5 (4):605-642. [→]

Krystal, H. (1982b), Adolescence and the tendencies to develop substance dependence. Psychoanal. Inqu., 2, 581-617. [→]

Krystal, H. (1982-1983), Alexithymia and the effectiveness of psychoanalytic treatment. Internat. J. Psychoanalytic Psychother., 9, 353-388. [→]

Krystal, H. (1985), Trauma and the stimulus barrier. Psychoanal. Inqu., 5, 131-161. [→]

Krystal, H. (1987), The impact of massive trauma and the capacity to grieve effectively: Later life sequelae. In: Treating the Elderly with Psychotherapy, ed. J. Sadavoy & M. Leszcz. New York: International Universities Press, pp. 67-94.

Krystal, H. (1988a), Integration and Self-Healing: Affect, Trauma, Alexithymia. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.

Krystal, H. (1988b), Book review of A. Rothstein (ed.), The Reconstruction of Trauma, Its Significance in Clinical Work. J. Nerv. & Ment. Dis., 176, 641-642. [→]

Krystal, H. (1988c), On some roots of creativity. In: Hemispheric Specialization, ed. K. Hoppe. Philadelphia: Saunders, pp. 475-492.

Krystal, H., Niederland, W. G. (1968), Clinical observations of the survivor syndrome. In: Massive Psychic Trauma, ed. H. Krystal. New York: International Universities Press, pp. 327-348. [→]

Krystal, H., Niederland, W. G. eds. (1971), Psychic Traumatization. Boston: Little, Brown.

Krystal, H., Raskin, H. (1963), Addiction and pain. Mimeographed.

Krystal, H., Raskin, H. (1970), Drug Dependence, Aspects of Ego Functions. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Krystal, H., Raskin, H. (1981), Drug dependence: Aspects of ego functions. In: Classic Contributions in the Addictions, ed. H. Shaffer & M. Burglass. New York: Brunner/Mazel, pp. 161-172.

Krystal, J. H. (1988), Assessing alexithymia. In: Integration and Self-Healing, ed. H. Krystal. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press, pp. 286-310.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 202 -

Kubie, L. S. (1937), The fantasy of dirt. Psychoanal. Quart., 6, 338-425. [→]

Kubie, L. S. (1947), The fallacious use of quantitative concepts in dynamic psychology. Psychoanal. Quart., 16, 507-518. [→]

Kubie, L. S. (1954), The fundamental nature of the distinction between normality and neurosis. Psychoanal. Quart., 23, 167-204. [→]

Kubie, L. S. (1978), Symbol and Neurosis. Selected Papers of Lawrence S. Kubie, ed. H. J. Schlesinger. Psychological Issues, Monograph 44. New York: International Universities Press.

Lacey, J. I. (1967), Somatic response patterning and stress: Some revisions of activation theory. In: Psychological Stress: Issues in Research, ed. M. H. Appley & R. Trumbull. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, pp. 14-42.

Lagerkvist, P. (1966), Pilgrimen. Stockholm: Bonniers.

Levy, L. (1925), The psychology of the effect produced by morphia. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 6, 313-316. [→]

Lichtenberg, J. D. (1983), Psychoanalysis and Infant Research. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.

Lifton, R. J. (1968), Observations on Hiroshima survivors. In: Massive Psychic Trauma. H. Krystal. New York: International Universities Press.

Lifton, R. J. (1976), The Life of the Self. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Lifton, R. J. (1979), The Broken Connection. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Loewald, H. (1960), On the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 41, 16-33. [→]

Luborsky, L., Woody, G. E., Hole, A., & Velleco, A. (1977), A Treatment Manual for Supportive-Expressive Psychoanalytically Oriented Psychotherapy: Special Adaptation for Treatment of Drug Dependence. (Unpublished manual, 4th ed., 1981).

Mack, J. E. (1981), Alcoholism, A.A. and the governance of the self. In: Dynamic Approaches to the Understanding and Treatment of Alcoholism, ed. M. H. Bean & N. E. Zinberg. New York: Free Press, pp. 128-162.

MacLean, P. D. (1949), Psychosomatic disease and the “visceral brain.” Psychosom. Med., 11, 338-353.

Mahler, M. S. (1958), Autism and symbiosis: two extreme disturbances of identity. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal. 39: 77-83. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 203 -

Mahler, M. S., Pine, F., & Bergman, A. (1975), The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant. New York: Basic Books.

Marty, P., & De M'Uzan, M. (1963), La pensee operatoire. Rev. Psychoanalytique (Suppl.) 27: 345-356.

Marty, P., & De M'Uzan, M., David, C. (1963), L'investigation Psychosomatique. Paris: Presses Universitaires Paris.

McDougall, J. (1974), The psychosoma and psychoanalytic process. Internat. Rev. Psychoanal., 1, 437-454. [→]

McDougall, J. (1984), The “dis-affected” patient: Reflections on affect pathology. Psychoanal. Quart., 53, 386-409. [→]

Meers, D. R. (1970), Contributions of a ghetto culture to symptom formation. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 25, 209-230. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Meers, D. R. (1972), Crucible of ambivalence: Sexual identity in the ghetto. The Psychoanalytic Study of Society, 5, 109-135. New York: International Universities Press.

Meers, D. R. (1973a), Psychiatric ombudsmen for day care. In: Head-start, Child Development Legislation, Joint Hearings (March 17, 1972) before the Subcommittee on Children and Youth and the Subcommittee on Employment, Manpower and Poverty of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, Ninety Second Congress, 1973.

Meers, D. R. (1973b), Psychoanalytic research and intellectual functioning of ghetto-reared, black children. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 28, 395-417. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. [→]

Meers, D. R. (1974), Traumatic and cultural distortions of psychoneurotic symptoms in a black ghetto. The Annual of Psychoanalysis, 2, 368-386. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Menninger, K. A. (1938), Man Against Himself. New York: Harcourt, Brace.

Milkman, H., & Frosch, W. A. (1973), On the preferential abuse of heroin and amphetamine. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., 156, 242-248.

Minkowski, E. (1946), L'anesthesie affective. Ann. Medicopsychologique, 104, 8-13.

Mirin, S. M., Weiss, R. D., Solloqub, A., & Jaqueline, M. (1984), Affective illness in substance abuse. In: Substance Abuse and Psychopathology, ed. S. M. Mirin. Washington, DC: American Psychological Press Clinical Insights, pp. 57-78.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 204 -

Modell, A. H. (1984), Psychoanalysis in a New Context. New York: International Universities Press.

Myers, W. A. (1990), A case of photoexhibitionism in a homosexual male. In: The Psychotherapeutic Treatment of the Homosexualities, ed. V. Volkan & C. Socarides. Madison, CT: International Universities Press.

Nagera, H., Baker, S., Edgcumbe, R., Holder, A., Laufer, M., Meers, D., & Rees, K. (1970), Basic Psychoanalytic Concepts of the Theory of Instincts. London: George Allen & Unwin.

Nemiah, J. C. (1970), The psychological management and treatment of patients with peptic ulcer. Adv. Psychosom. Med., 6, 169-173.

Nemiah, J. C. (1975), Denial revisited: Reflections on psychosomatic theory. Psychother. & Psychosom., 26, 140-147.

Nemiah, J. C. (1977), Alexithymia: Theoretical considerations. Psychother. & Psychosom., 28, 199-296.

Nemiah, J. C. (1978), Alexithymia and psychosomatic illness. J Continuing Ed. Psychiat., October 18, pp. 25-37.

Nemiah, J. C., Sifneos, P. E. (1970a) Affect and fantasy in patients with psychosomatic disorders. In: Modern Trends in Psychosomatic Medicine, ed. O. W. Hill. London: Butterworth.

Nemiah, J. C., Sifneos, P. E. (1970b), Psychosomatic illness: A problem in communication. Psychother. Psychosom., 18, 154-160.

Nemiah, J. C., Sifneos, P. E. (1977), Affect and fantasy in psychosomatic disorders. In: Modern Trends in Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 2, ed. O. W. Hill. London: Butterworth.

Niederland, W. G. (1961), The problem of the survivor. J. Hillside Hosp., 10, 233-247.

Niederland, W. G. (1964), Psychiatric disorders among persecution victims: A contribution to the understanding of concentration camp pathology and its aftereffects. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., 139, 458-474.

NIH Consensus Statement (1991), Treatment of panic disorder. NIH Consensus Dev. Conf. Concens, Statement September 25-27, 1991; 9(2). Bethesda, MD: Office of Medical Applications of Research, NIH.

Nova (1986), Life's First Feelings. Boston: WGBM.

Novick, K. K., & Novick, J. (1987), The essence of masochism. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 42, 353-384. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 205 -

Novick, K. K., (1991), Some comments on masochism and the delusion of omnipotence from a developmental perspecdve. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 39, 307-332. [→]

Overbeck, G. (1977), How to operadonalize alexithymic phenomena: Some findings from speech analysis and the Giesen Test (GT). Psychother. & Psychosom., 28, 106-117.

Person, S. E. (1988), Dreams of Love and Fateful Encounters. New York: W.W. Norton.

Pine, F. (1988), The four psychologies of psychoanalysis and their place in clinical work. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 36, 571-596. [→]

Rado, S. (1926), The psychic effect of intoxicants: An attempt to evolve a psychoanalytic theory of morbid craving. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 7, 396-413. [→]

Rado, S. (1933), The psychoanalysis of pharmacothymia. Psychoanal. Quart., 2, 1-23. [→]

Rado, S. (1964), Hedonic self-regulation of the organism. In: The Role of Pleasure in Behavior, ed. R. Heath. New York: Harper & Row, pp. 257-264.

Rado, S. (1969), The emotions. In: Adaptational Psychodynamics: Motivation and Control. New York: Science House, pp. 21-30.

Rangell, L. (1963a), The scope of intrapsychic conflict: Microscopic and macroscopic considerations. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 18, 75-102. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Rangell, L. (1963b), Structural problems in intrapsychic conflict. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 18, 103-138. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Rangell, L. (1974), A psychoanalytic perspective leading currently to the syndrome of the compromise of integrity. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 55, 3-12. [→]

Rangell, L. (1980), The Mind of Watergate. New York: W. W. Norton.

Richter, C. P. (1957), On the phenomena of sudden death in animals and men. Psychosom. Med., 19, 191-198.

Robertson, J. (1952), Film: A Two-Year-Old goes to Hospital. [→]

Rothstein, A., ed. (1986), The Reconstruction of Trauma. Workshop series of American Psychoanalytic Association, Vol. 2. New York: International Universities Press. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 206 -

Rounsaville, B. J., Weissman, M. M., Crits-Cristoph, K., Wilber, C., & Kleber, H. (1982a), Diagnosis and symptoms of depression in opiate addicts: Course and relationship to treatment outcome. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 39, 151-156.

Rounsaville, B. J., Weissman, M., Kleber, H., & Wilber, C. (1982b), Heterogeneity of psychiatric diagnosis in treated opiate addicts. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 39, 161-166.

Ruesch, J. (1948), The infantile personality: The case problem of psychosomatic medicine. Psychosom. Med., 10, 134-142.

Savitt, R. (1963), Psychoanalytic studies on addiction: Ego structure in narcotic addiction. Psychoanal. Quart., 32, 43-57. [→]

Schafer, R. (1960), The loving and the beloved superego. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 15, 163-188. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Schiffer, F. (1988), Psychotherapy of nine successfully treated cocaine abusers: Techniques and dynamics. J. Subst. Abuse Treatment, 5, 133-137.

Schmale, A. H., Jr. (1964), A genetic view of affects. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 3/4: 253-270. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Schur, M. (1953), The ego in anxiety. In: Drives, Affects, Behavior, ed. R. Lowenstein. New York: International Universities Press, pp. 67-104.

Schur, M. (1955), Comments on the metapsychology of somatization. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 10, 119-164. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Schur, M. (1972), Freud: Living and Dying. New York: International Universities Press.

Seligman, M. E. R. (1975), Helplessness. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

Shands, H. C. (1958), The infantile personality: The case problem of psychosomatic medicine. Psychosom. Med., 10, 134-142.

Shands, H. C. (1971), The War with Words: Structure and Transcendence. The Hague: Mouton.

Shands, H. C. (1976), Suitability for psychotherapy I: Transference and formal operations. Paper presented at 10th Congress of the International College for Psychosomatic Medicine, Paris.

Shands, H. C. (1977), Suitability for psychotherapy II: Unsuitability and psychosomatic diseases. Psychother. & Psychosom., 28, 28-35.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 207 -

Shengold, L. (1989), Soul Murder. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. [→]

Sifneos, P. (1967), Clinical observations on some patients suffering from a variety of psychosomatic diseases. Acta Med. Psychosom., Proceedings.

Sifneos, P. (1967), Clinical observations on some patients suffering from a variety of psychosomatic diseases. In: Proceedings of the Seventh European Conference on Psychosomatic Research. Basel: S. Karger.

Sifneos, P. (1972), The prevalence of “alexithymic” characteristics in psychosomatic patients. In: Topics in Psychosomatic Research, ed. H. Freyberger. Basel: S. Karger.

Sifneos, P. (1972-1973), Is dynamic psychotherapy contraindicated for a large number of patients with psychosomatic diseases? Psychother. & Psychosom., 21, 133-136.

Sifneos, P. (1973), The prevalence of “alexithymic” characteristics in psychosomatic patients. Psychother. & Psychosom., 22, 255-262.

Sifneos, P. (1974), A reconsideration of psychodynamic mechanisms in psychosomatic symptom formation in view of recent clinical observations. Psychother. & Psychosom., 14, 151-155.

Sifneos, P. (1975), Problems of psychotherapy with patients with alexithymic characteristics and physical disease. Psychother. & Psychosom., 26, 65-70.

Simmel, E. (1927), Psychoanalytic treatment in a sanatorium. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 10, 70-89. [→]

Simmel, E. (1930), Morbid habits and cravings. Psychoanal. Rev., 17, 48-54.

Simmel, E. (1948), Alcoholism and addiction. Psychoanal. Quart., 12, 6-31. [→]

Socarides, C. (1978), Homosexuality. New York: Jason Aronson.

Southwick, S. H., & Satel, S. L. (1990), Exploring the meaning of substance abuse: An important dimension of early work with borderline patients. Amer. J. Psychotherapy, 44, 61-67.

Spitz, R. A. (1945), Hospitalism. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 1, 53-74. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Spitz, R. A. (1946), Hospitalism: A follow-up report. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 2, 113-117. New York: International Universities Press. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 208 -

Sports, J. V., & Shontz, F. C. (1987), Drug induced ego states: A trajectory theory of drug experience. Soc. Pharmacol., 1, 19-51.

Stern, D. N. (1974), Mother and infant at play: The diadic interaction involving facial, vocal and gaze behavior. In: The Effect of the Infant on Its Caregiver, ed. M. Lewis & L. Rosenblum. New York: Wiley.

Stern, D. N. (1983), Implications of infancy research for psychoanalytic theory and practice. In: Psychiatry Update II, ed. L. Greenspoon. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, pp. 8-12.

Stern, D. N. (1985), The Interpersonal World of the Infant. A View from Psychoanalysis and Developmental Psychology. New York: Basic Books. [→]

Stoller, R.J. (1975), Perversion. The Erotic Form of Hatred. New York: Pantheon Books.

Stoller, R.J. (1985), Observing the Erotic Imagination. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Stone, L. (1967), The psychoanalytic situation and transference: Postscript to an earlier communication. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 15, 3-58. [→]

Stowasser (Der kleine Stowasser) (1940), Lateinisch-deutsches Schulwörterbuch, bearb. v. M. Petschenig. Berlin: Freytag.

Strachey, A., & Tyson, A. (1959), Editor's introduction to inhibition, symptoms, and anxiety. Standard Edition, 20, 77-86. London: Hogarth Press.

Taylor, G. J. (1977), Alexithymia and the countertransference. Psychother. & Psychosom., 28, 141-147.

Taylor, G. J. (1984), The boring patient. Can. J. Psychiatry, 29, 217-222.

Taylor, G. J. (1986), The psychodynamics of panic disorder. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, May, 1986.

Taylor, G. J. (1989), Psychosomatic Medicine and Contemporary Psychological Analysis. Madison, CT: International Universities Press.

Taylor, G. J. Doody, K. (1982), Psychopathology and verbal expression for psychosomatic and psychoneurotic patients. Psychother. & Psychosom., 38, 121-127.

Taylor, G. T. (1984), Alexithymia: Concept, measurement, and implications for treatment. Amer. J. Psychiatry, 141, 725-732.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 209 -

Ten Houten, W. D., Hoppe, K. D., Bogen, J. E., & Walter, D. O. (1985a), I Alexithymia and the split brain. II Sentential-level content analysis. Psychother. & Psychosom., 44, 1-5.

Ten Houten, W. D., Hoppe, K. D., Bogen, J. E., (1985b), Alexithymia the split brain III. Global level content analysis of fantasy and symbolization. Psychother. & Psychosom., 44, 89-94.

Ten Houten, W. D., Hoppe, K. D., Bogen, J. E., (1985c), Alexithymia and the split brain IV. Gotschalkgleser content analysis, an overview. Psychother. & Psychosom., 44, 113-121.

Thompson, A. E. (1981), A Theory of Affect Development and Maturity. Applications to the Thematic Apperception Test. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Traube-Werner, D. (1990), Affect deficit: a vicissitude of the phenomenon and experience of affect. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 71, 141-150. [→]

Tustin, F. (1980), Autistic objects. Internat. Rev. Psychoanal., 7, 30-38. [→]

Tustin, F. (1981), Autistic States in Children. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Ullman, R. B., & Brothers, D. (1988), The Shattered Self: A Psychoanalytic Study of Trauma. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.

Vaillant, G. E. (1981), Dangers of psychotherapy in the treatment of alcoholism. In: Dynamic Approaches to the Understanding and Treatment of Alcoholism, ed. M. H. Bean & N. E. Zinberg. New York: Free Press.

Valenstein, A. F. (1962), The psychoanalytic situation: Affects, emotional reliving, and insight in the psychoanalytic process. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 43, 315-324. [→]

Van der Kolk, B. (1989), The compulsion to repeat the trauma. Treatment of Victims of Sexual Abuse, 12, 389-411.

Von Rad, M., ed. (1983), Alexithymie. Berlin: Springer.

Waelder, R. (1951), The structure of paranoid ideas. In: Psychoanalysis: Observation, Theory, Application. ed. S. A. Guttman. New York: International Universities Press, 1976.

Weiss, K. J., & Rosenberg, D. J. (1985), Prevalence of anxiety disorder among alcoholics. J. Clin. Psychiatry, 46, 3-5.

Weiss, R. D., & Mirin, S. M. (1984), Drug, host and environmental factors in the development of chronic cocaine abuse. In: Substance Abuse and Psychotherapy, ed. S. M. Mirin. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 210 -

Weiss, R. D., & Mirin, S. M. (1986), Subtypes of cocaine abusers. Psychiatric Clinics N. Amer., 9, 491-501.

Weiss, R. D., Mirin, S. M., Griffin, M. L., & Michaels, J. K. (1988), Psychopathology in cocaine abusers: Changing trends. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., 176 (12):719-725.

Westerlundh, B., & Smith, G. (1983), Percept genesis and the psychodynamics of perception. Psychoanal. & Contemp. Thought, 6, 597-640. [→]

Wieder, H., & Kaplan, E. (1969), Drug use in adolescents. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 24, 399-431. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Willick, M. S. (1988), Dynamic aspects of homosexual cruising. In: Fantasy, Myth and Reality. Essays in Honor of Jacob A. Arlow, M.D., ed. H. Blum, Y. Kramer, A. K. Richards, & A. D. Richards. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, pp. 435-449.

Wilson, A., Passik, S. D., Faude, J., Abrams, J., & Gordon, E. (1989), A hierarchical model of opiate addiction: Failures of self-regulation as a central aspect of substance abuse. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., 177, 390-399.

Winnicott, D.W. (1960), Ego distortion in terms of true and false self. In: The Maturational Processes and the Facilitating Environment. New York: International Universities Press, 1965. [→]

Winnicott, D.W. (1965), The Maturational Processes and the Facilitating Environment. New York: International Universities Press. [→]

Winnicott, D.W. (1971), Mirror-role of mother and family in child development. In: Playing and Reality. New York: Basic Books

Winnicott, D.W. (1974), Through Paediatrics to Psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books.

Woody, G. E., O'Brien, C. P., & Rickels, K. (1975), Depression and anxiety in heroin addicts: A placebo-controlled study of doxepin in combination with methadone. Amer. J. Psychiatry, 132, 447-450.

Woody, G. E., McLellan, A. T., Luborsky, L., &: O'Brien, C. P. (1986), Psychotherapy for substance abuse. Psychiatric Clin. N. Amer., 9, 547-562.


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 211 -

Wurmser, L. (1974), Psychoanalytic considerations of the etiology of compulsive drug use. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 22, 820-843. [→]

Wurmser, L. (1978), The Hidden Dimension. Psychodynamics in Compulsive Drug Use. New York: Jason Aronson. [→]

Wurmser, L. (1980), Phobic core in the addictions and the addictive process. Internat. J. Psychoanal. Psychother., 8, 311-337. [→]

Wurmser, L. (1981a), The Mask of Shame. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Wurmser, L. (1981b), The question of specific psychopathology in compulsive drug use. Annals NY Acad. Sci., pp. 33-43, 1982.

Wurmser, L. (1984a), More respect for the neurotic process. J. Subst. Abuse Treatment, 1, 37-45.

Wurmser, L. (1984b), The role of superego conflicts in substance abuse and their treatment. Internat. J. Psychoanal. Psychother., 10, 227-258. [→]

Wurmser, L. (1987a), Shame: The veiled companion of narcissism. In: The Many Faces of Shame, ed. D. L. Nathanson. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 64-92.

Wurmser, L. (1987b), Flucht vor dem Gewissen. Analyse von Über-Ich und Abwehr bei schweren Neurosen. Heidelberg: Springer.

Wurmser, L. (1987c), Flight from conscience: Experiences with the psychoanalytic treatment of compulsive drug abusers. J. Subst. Abuse Treatment, 4, 157-179.

Wurmser, L. (1988a), Die zerbrochene Wirklichkeit. Psychoanalyse als das Studium von Konflikt und Komplementarität. Heidelberg: Springer.

Wurmser, L. (1988b), “The Sleeping Giant”: A dissenting comment about “borderline pathology.” Psychoanal. Inqu., 8, 373-397. [→]

Wurmser, L. (1989), “Either-Or”: Some comments on Professor Grünbaum's critique of psychoanalysis. Psychoanal. Inqu., 9, 220-248. [→]

Wurmser, L. (1990), Die Maske der Scham. Die Psychoanalyse von Schamaffekten und Schamkonflikten. Heidelberg: Springer.

Wurmser, L. (1993), Das Rätsel des Masochismus. Heidelberg: Springer.

Wurmser, L., Zients, A. (1982), The “return of the denied superego”—A psychoanalytic study of adolescent substance abuse. Psychoanal. Inqu., 2, 539-580. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 212 -

Zetzel, E. (1949), Anxiety and the capacity to bear it. In: The Capacity for Emotional Growth. New York: International Universities Press, 1970, pp. 33-52. [→]

Zetzel, E. (1955), The incapacity to bear depression. In: The Capacity for Emotional Growth. New York: International Universities Press, 1970, pp. 82-114.

Zinberg, N. E. (1975), Addiction and ego function. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 20, 567-588. New York: International Universities Press. [→]


WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the PEPWeb subscriber and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form.
- 213 -

Article Citation

Dowling, S. (1995). The Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior. 1-225. International Universities Press, Inc. Madison Connecticut.

Copyright © 2014, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing. Help | About | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Problem

WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the subscriber to PEP Web and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form whatsoever.