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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Blum, H.P. (1986). Chapter 1: The Concept of the Reconstruction of Trauma. The Reconstruction of Trauma: Its Significance in Clinical Work, 7-27.

Blum, H.P. (1986). Chapter 1: The Concept of the Reconstruction of Trauma. The Reconstruction of Trauma: Its Significance in Clinical Work , 7-27

Section I: Theoretical Considerations

Chapter 1: The Concept of the Reconstruction of Trauma Book Information Previous Up Next

Harold P. Blum, M.D.

The early formulations of the psychoanalytic theory of psycho-pathology were cast in a traumatic mold. Freud's initial therapeutic efforts led to memories of childhood traumata which Freud (Breuer and Freud, 1895) believed were essentially experiences of sexual abuse prior to the age of 8. He became convinced that the sexual experiences described to him by his patients had occurred in their childhood. In addition to the involvement of parents in infantile seductions, he also spoke of teachers and nursemaids, servants and siblings. The siblings who had already been seduced by an adult tended to seduce younger siblings, an early example of the repetition of trauma, identification with the abuser or aggressor, and the tendency for seduction trauma to occur in a pattern and setting of a seductive, familial atmosphere. Freud (1896a, p. 169) concurrently noted constitutional factors in the choice of hysteria or obsessional symptoms.

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