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Rothstein, A. (1985). Models of the Mind: Their Relationships to Clinical Work. Models of the Mind: Their Relationships to Clinical Work, 1-160. International Universities Press, Inc. Madison Connecticut.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Models of the Mind: Their Relationships to Clinical Work
Rothstein, A. (1985). Models of the Mind: Their Relationships to Clinical Work , 1-160. International Universities Press, Inc. Madison Connecticut .
Models of the Mind: Their Relationships to Clinical Work
Jacob A. Arlow, M.D. Past President, American Psychoanalytic Association; Former Editor-in-Chief, Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Arnold M. Cooper, M.D. Professor of Psychiatry and Director of Psychiatric Education, Cornell University Medical College; Supervising and Training Analyst, Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research; Past President, American Psychoanalytic Association
Arnold Goldberg, M.D. Training and Supervising Analyst, The Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis; coauthor, Models of the Mind
Edgar Levenson, M.D. Training and Supervisory Analyst, William Alanson White Institute; Clinical Professor of Psychology, New York University; author, The Fallacy of Understanding and The Ambiguity of Change
Arnold H. Modell, M.D. Training and Supervising Analyst, Boston Psychoanalytic Institute; Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School; Psychiatrist, Beth Israel Hospital (Boston); author, Object Love and Reality and Psychoanalysis in a New Context
William J. Richardson, Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, Boston College; graduate, William Alanson White Institute; coauthor, Lacan and Language: Reader's Guide to Ecrits
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Arnold Rothstein, M.D. Faculty, Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research; author, The Narcissistic Pursuit of Perfection and The Structural Hypothesis: An Evolutionary Perspective
Joseph Sandler, Ph.D., M.D. Sigmund Freud Professor of Psychoanalysis, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Freud Memorial Professor of Psychoanalysis, University of London
Hanna Segal, M.D. Fellow, Royal College of Psychiatrists, London; Member and Training Analyst of the British Psychoanalytic Society
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The Workshops for Mental Health Professionals were initiated in 1976 by the Program Committee of the American Psychoanalytic Association with the heuristic aim of offering the entire mental health community an exposure to the expertise of Association analysts in regard to fundamental subjects of concern to practitioners in the field. This aim derives from the program committee's wish to reach out to the community at large and encourage both attendance at our national meetings and these workshops. This desire and the derivative policies and programs originate from the concept that psychoanalysis, beyond its immediate therapeutic applications in the specifically psychoanalytic clinical situation, is a general psychology applicable in modified forms to many aspects of other clinical as well as nonclinical endeavors.
Past workshops have explored a number of subjects of basic interest to mental health practitioners: “Specific Problems in the Treatment of Adolescents”; “Specific Problems in Brief Psychotherapy”; “Children's Reactions to Object Loss”; “Special Problems in the Psychotherapy of Depression”; “The Transference in Psychotherapy: Clinical Management”; “The Significance of Infant Observational Research Data for Clinical Work”; “The Relationships of Models of the Mind to Clinical Work”; and “The Significance of the Reconstruction of Trauma in Clinical Work.” Future workshops plan to explore “The Significance of DreamInterpretation in Clinical Work” as well as the question of the mode of therapeutic action of psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
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The format of the two-day workshops has facilitated an in-depth exploration of one subject and provided ample unstructured time for spontaneous discussion of formal presentations. These discussions have facilitated the clarification and development of participants’ contributions.
In response to the high caliber of the learning experience many participants in the workshop have suggested the value of a written record of these proceedings. Toward that end, the Executive Committee of the American Psychoanalytic Association decided to sponsor the development of a series of publications deriving from these educational endeavors. The participants have been able to clarify and develop their ideas further in the process of developing the presentations into written form.
The workshop that resulted in this monograph began with my introductory remarks and Arnold Cooper's paper—both of these presentations provided a facilitating frame of reference for the proponents of the models being considered. The remainder of the first day of the workshop was devoted to two panels chaired by Sydney Pulver and Charles Brenner, at which Jacob Arlow, Hanna Segal, Edgar Levenson, Arnold Goldberg, Arnold Modell, William Richardson presented their models of the mind. The panel, held the second day of the workshop, was entitled “Conversations with the Panelists” and was chaired by Robert Michels. It began with a formal discussion of the previous days presentations by Joseph Sandler. Then all of the participants engaged in an unstructured discussion for three hours about the fundamental questions raised by the workshop. These discussions as well as the spontaneous discussions after each presentation are reported in the appendix.
Arnold Rothstein, M.D.
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Arlow, J. (1969a), Unconscious fantasy and disturbances of conscious experience. Psychoanal. Quart., 38:1-27. [→]
Arlow, J. (1969b), Fantasy, memory and reality testing. Psychoanal. Quart., 38:28-51. [→]
Balint, M. (1968), The Basic Fault. London: Tavistock. [→]
Bion, W. R. (1957), Differentiation of the psychotic from the non-psychotic personalities. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 38:266-275. [→]
Bion, W. R. (1962), Learning From Experience. New York: Basic Books [→]
Bion, W. R. (1970), Attention and Interpretation. New York: Basic Books. [→]
Bowlby, J. (1969), Attachment. New York: Basic Books. [→]
Bowlby, J. (1973), Attachment and Loss, Vol. II, Separation Anxiety and Anger. New York: Basic Books. [→]
Bruch, H. (1983), William Alanson White Newsletter, 17: #1 Winter 1982/83, 40th Anniversary issue.
Chatelaine, K. (1981), The Formative Years: Harry Stack Sullivan. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, pp. 45-46.
Cooper, A.M. (unpublished), Psychoanalytic technique: one method or more. Presented to the Association for Psychoanalytic Medicine, Dec. 9, 1977.
Cooper, A.M. (1983), Psychoanalytic inquiry and new knowledge. In Reflections of Self Psychology, ed. J.D. Lichtenberg and S. Kaplan. New Jersey: Analytic Press, pp. 19-34.
Cooper, A.M. (1984), Psychoanalysis at one hundred: Beginnings of maturity. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 32:245-267. [→]
Crowley, R. (1984), Book review. Amer. J. Ortho-Psychiat. January. 54:1.
Eissler, K. R. (1953), The effect of the structure of the ego on psychoanalytic technique. J. Am. Psa. Assn., 1:104-143. [→]
Epstein, L., & Feiner, A. (1979), Countertransference. New York: Jason Aronson.
Erikson, E. (1954), The dream specimen of psychoanalysis. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 2:5-55. [→]
Fairbairn, W. R. D. (1952), Psychoanalytic Studies of the Personality. London: Tavistock. [→]
Ferenczi, S. & Rank, O. (1922), The Development of Psychoanalysis. New York: Dover Publications, 1956.
Forrester, J. (1980), Language and the Origins of Psychoanalysis. New York: Columbia University Press.
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Freud, A. (1936), The Ego and the Mechanism of Defense. New York: International Universities Press, 1948.
Freud, S. (1891), On Aphasia. New York: International Universities Press, 1953.
Freud, S. (1892-1899), Extracts from the Fliess papers. Standard Edition, 1:177-280. London: Hogarth Press, 1966. [→]
Freud, S. (1895), Project for a scientific psychology. Standard Edition, 1:281-397. London: Hogarth Press, 1966. [→]
Freud, S. (1900-1901) The Interpretation of Dreams. Standard Edition, vols. 4 & 5. London: Hogarth Press, 1953. [→]
Freud, S. (1905), Fragment of an analysis of a case of hysteria. Standard Edition, 7:1-122. London: Hogarth Press, 1953. [→]
Freud, S. (1914), On narcissism: An introduction. Standard Edition, 14:73-102. London: Hogarth Press, 1957. [→]
Freud, S. (1920), Beyond the pleasure principle. Standard Edition, 18:7-64. London: Hogarth Press, 1955. [→]
Freud, S. (1925), An autobiographical study. Standard Edition, 20:3-74. London: Hogarth Press, 1959. [→]
Freud, S. (1925b), Negation. Standard Edition, 19: 235-239. London: Hogarth Press, 1961.
Freud, S. (1937), Analysis terminable and interminable, Standard Edition, 23: 216-253. London: Hogarth Press, 1964. [→]
74 Freud, S. (1940), An outline of psychoanalysis. Standard Edition, 23: 144-207. London: Hogarth Press, 1964. [→]
Gedo, J. (1979), Beyond Interpretation. New York: International Universities Press.
Gellner, E. (1974), Legitimation of Belief. Cambridge, London: Cambridge University Press.
Gill, J. (1983), The interpersonal paradigm and the degree of the therapist's involvement. Contemp. Psychoanal., 19: 2, 200. [→]
Gill, M. (1982), Analysis of Transference, Vol. I. New York: International Universities Press, p. 13.
Goldberg, A. (1985), Translation between psychoanalytic theories. The Annual of Psychoanalysis, 12/13. [→]
Greenberg, J., & Mitchell, S. (1983), Object Relations in Psychoanalytic Theory. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Hesse, M. (1978), Theory and value in the social sciences. In: Action and Interpretation, ed. Christopher Hookway & Philip Petit. Cambridge/London: Cambridge University Press. [Related→]
Hoffman, I. (1983), The patient as interpreter of the analyst's experience. Contemp. Psychoanal., 19:3, 389-421. [→]
Kernberg, O. (1975), Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narcissism. New York: Jason Aronson.
Klein, M. (1948), On the theory of anxiety and guilt. [Related→]
Klein, M. (1952), Some theoretical conclusions regarding the emotional life of the infant, pp. 198-236. In: Developments in Psycho-Analysis, ed. Joan Riviere. London: Hogarth Press, 1952.
Kohut, H. (1977), The Restoration of the Self. New York: International Universities Press.
Kohut, H. (1982), Introspection, empathy and the semi-circle of mental health. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 63:395-407. [→]
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Kohut, H. (1984), How Does Psychoanalysis Cure? ed. A. Goldberg & P. Stepansky. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [→]
Kuhn, T. S. (1962), The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Lacan, J. (1954-1955), Le Séminaire. Vol. II, Le moi dans la theorie de Freud et dans la technique de la psychanalyse, ed. J. A. Miller. Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1978.
Lacan, J. (1977), Ecrits: A Selection, trans. A. Sheridan. New York: W. W. Norton.
Laing, R. D. (1967), The Politics of Experience. New York: Pantheon Books.
Levenson, E. (1983), The Ambiguity of Change. New York: Basic Books.
Lipton, S. (1977), The advantages of Freud's technique as shown in his analysis of the rat man. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 58:255-274. [→]
Loewald, H. (1980), Papers on Psychoanalysis. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.
McDougall, J. (1980), Plea for a Measure of Abnormality. New York: International Universities Press, pp. 213-246.
Mahler, M. S., Pine, F. & Bergman, A. (1975), The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant. New York: Basic Books.
Mehlman, R. D. (1976), Transference mobilization, transference resolution and narcissistic alliance. Paper presented to the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, 25 February 1976.
Menninger, K., & Holzman, P. (1958), Theory of Psychoanalytic Technique. New York: Basic Books.
Modell, A. (1965), On having the right to a life: An aspect of the superego's development. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 46:323-333. [→]
Modell, A. (1971), The origin of certain forms of pre-oedipal guilt and the implications for a psychoanalytic theory of affects. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 52:337-346. [→]
Modell, A. (1975), A narcissistic defense against affects and the illusion of self-sufficiency. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 56:275-282. [→]
Modell, A. (1976), “The holding environment” and the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 24:285-307. [→]
Modell, A. (1984), Psychoanalysis in a New Context. New York: International Universities Press.
Ricoeur, P. (1970), Freud and Philosophy. New Haven/London: Yale University Press.
Rosen, V. (1967), Disorders of communications in psychoanalysis. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 50:467-490. [→]
Rosenfeld, H. (1952), Notes on the psycho-analysis of the superego conflict in an acute schizophrenic patient. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 33:111-131. [→]
Sandler, J. (1960), The background of safety. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 41:352-356. [→]
Sandler, J. (1974), Psychological conflict and the structural model: Some clinical and theoretical implications. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 55:53-62. [→]
Sandler, J. (1983), Reflections on some relations between psychoanalytic concepts and psychoanalytic practice. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 64:35-45. [→]
Sartre, J. P. (1953), Existential Psychoanalysis. New York: Philosophic Library.
Segal, H. (1964), Introduction to the Work of Melanie Klein. New York: Basic Books.
Sullivan, H. S. (1953), The Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry. New York: W. W. Norton, p. 343.
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Sullivan, H. S. (1956), Clinical Studies in Psychiatry. New York: W. W. Norton.
Treurniet, N. (1980), On the relation between concepts of the self and ego in Kohut's psychology of the self. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 61:325-333. [→]
Valéry, P. (1956), An Anthology, ed. J. J. Lawler, Bollinger series KLV. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, p. 49.
Wallerstein, R. (1983), Self psychology and “classical” psychoanalytic psychology: The nature of their relationship. In: The Future of Psychoanalysis, ed. A. Goldberg. New York: International Universities Press. [Related→]
Winnicott, D. (1954), Metapsychological and clinical aspects of regression within the psychoanalytic set-up. In: Collected Papers. New York: Basic Books, 1958. [Related→]
Winnicott, D. (1965), The Maturational Processes and the Facilitating Environment. New York: International Universities Press. [→]
Winnicott, D. (1969), The use of an object. Internat. J. Psycho-Anal., 50:711-716. [→]
Winnicott, D. (1971), Playing and Reality. New York: Basic Books. [→]