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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Search Results
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Results 1 - 29 of 29 for your search on "Jacobson, Edith":

Jacobson, E. (1948). Conceptions of Modern Psychiatry: By Harry Stack Sullivan. Second Printing. Washington, D. C.: The William Alanson White Psychiatric Foundation, 1947. 147 pp.. Psychoanal Q., 17:393-395. […]
Jacobson, E. (1960). Theoretical Studies in Social Organization of the Prison: By Richard A. Cloward, et al. New York: Social Science Research Council, 1960. 146 pp.. Psychoanal Q., 29:577-579. […]
Jacobson, E. (1961). Adolescent Moods and the Remodeling of Psychic Structures in Adolescence. Psychoanal. St. Child, 16:164-183. […]
Jacobson, E. (1959). The "Exceptions"—An Elaboration of Freud's Character Study. Psychoanal. St. Child, 14:135-153. […]
Jacobson, E. (1946). The Effect of Disappointment on Ego and Super-Ego Formation in Normal and Depressive Development. Psychoanal. Rev., 33(2):129-147. […]
Jacobson, E. (1976). Ways of Female Superego Formation and the Female Castration Conflict. Psychoanal Q., 45:525-538. […]
Jacobson, E. (1968). On the Development of the Girl's Wish for a Child. Psychoanal Q., 37:523-538. […]
Jacobson, E. (1946). A Case of Sterility. Psychoanal Q., 15:330-350. […]
Jacobson, E. (1943). Depression—The Oedipus Conflict in the Development of Depressive Mechanisms. Psychoanal Q., 12:541-560. […]
Astley, R. Jacobson, E. (1970). Discussion of 'Narcissistic Object Choice, Self-Representation'. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 51:151-157. […]
Jacobson, E. (1954). On Psychotic Identifications. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 35:102-108. […]
Jacobson, E. (1955). Sullivan's Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 3:149-156. […]
Jacobson, E. (1954). Transference Problems in the Psychoanalytic Treatment of Severely Depressive Patients. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 2:595-606. […]
Jacobson, E. (1954). Federn's Contributions to Ego Psychology and Psychoses. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 2:519-525. […]
Jacobson, E. (1954). Contribution to the Metapsychology of Psychotic Identifications. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 2:239-262. […]
Jacobson, E. (1978). Aus dem Archiv der Psychoanalyse: Wege der weiblichen Über-Ich-Bildung (1937). Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 32(8):764-775. […]
Jacobson, E. (1954). ÜBER PSYCHOTISCHE IDENTIFIKATIONEN. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 8(5):272-283. […]
Jacobson, E. (1954). Federn, Paul: Ego Psychology and the Psychoses. London (Imago Publishing Co., Ltd.) 1953. 375 Seiten.. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 8(4):32-36. […]
Jacobson, E. (1950). Development of the Wish for a Child in Boys. Psychoanal. St. Child, 5:139-152. […]
Jacobson, E. (1963). The Phenomena of Depressions: By Roy R. Grinker, Sr., M.D.; Julian Miller, M.D.; Melvin Sabshin, M.D., and Jum C. Nunnally, Ph.D. New York: Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., 1961. 249 pp.. Psychoanal Q., 32:252-255. […]
Jacobson, E. (1971). Annie Reich (1902–1971). Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 52:334-336. […]
Jacobson, E. (1957). Normal and Pathological Moods: Their Nature and Functions. Psychoanal. St. Child, 12:73-113. […]
Jacobson, E. (1954). The Self and the Object World—Vicissitudes of their Infantile Cathexes and their Influence on Ideational and Affective Development. Psychoanal. St. Child, 9:75-127. […]
Kris, E. Greenacre, P. Freud, A. Hartmann, H. Lewin, B.D. Escalona, S. Loewenstein, R.M. Jacobson, E. Spitz, R.A. Waelder, R. Davison, C. Bell, A. Mittelmann, B. Mahler, M.S. Bychowski, G. (1954). Problems of Infantile Neurosis—A Discussion. Psychoanal. St. Child, 9:16-71. […]
Jacobson, E. (1959). Depersonalization. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 7:581-610. […]
Jacobson, E. (1957). Denial and Repression. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 5:61-92. […]
Jacobson, E. (1974). Depersonalisierung. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 28(3):193-220. […]
Jacobson, E. (1946). The Child's Laughter—Theoretical and Clinical Notes on the Function of the Comic. Psychoanal. St. Child, 2:39-60. […]
Jacobson, E. (1967). Negación y represión. Rev. psicoanál., 24(3):545-578. […]
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