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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

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Results 1 - 13 of 13 for your search on "Kerz-Rühling, Ingrid":

Drews, S. Kerz, J. Kerz-Rühling, I. Krüger-Zeul, M. Moersch, E. Rodriguez, C. Zwiebel, R. Horn, K. (1978). Anmerkungen zum politischen Klima in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 32(2):165-167. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. Plänkers, T. Fischer, R. (2000). UČITELÉ A SPOLEČENSKÉ ZMĚNY: K psychickému zpracování politických změn v r. 1989. Empirická psychoanalytická studie učitelů v Česku a Východním Německu. Rev. psychoanal. psychoter., 2(1):80-95. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (2005). Wie beurteilen Patienten ihre Erfahrung in einer psychoanalytischen Ambulanz? Eine katamnestische Untersuchung psychoanalytischer Erstinterviews. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 59(7):589-610. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (1993). Nachträglichkeit. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 47(10):911-933. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (1989). Die psychoanalytische Erzählung. Zum Problem der Objektivität. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 43(4):307-330. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (1996). The Validation Of Psychoanalytical Hypotheses In Clinical Practice. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 77:275-290. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (1980). VII. Psychischer Konflikt. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 34(6):543-554. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (1991). Edelson, Marshall: Psychoanalysis. A Theory in Crisis. Chicago (University of Chicago Press) 1988. 392 Seiten, 45,95$.. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 45(6):547-550. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (1984). Schiefenhövel, Wulf, und Dorothea Sich (Hg.): Die Geburt aus ethnomedizinischer Sicht. Braunschweig (Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn) 1983. Kt., 299 Seiten, 48 DM.. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 38(4):376-379. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (1980). II. Psychologische und psychoanalytische Literatur zur Herzinfarkt-Erkrankung. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 34(6):501-506. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (2001). Entwicklungen und Veränderungen psychoanalytischer Identität 10 Jahre nach der Wiedervereinigung: Eindrücke von den Ost-West-Tagungen der Deutschen Psychoanalytischen Vereinigung in der Burgklinik Stadtlengsfeld. Luzifer-Amor, 14(27):149-154. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (1986). Freuds Theorie der Einsicht. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 40(2):97-123. […]
Kerz-Rühling, I. (1984). Voraussetzungen und Grenzen für Einsicht und Veränderung im analytischen Prozeß. Dargestellt am Beispiel der Behandlung einer zwangsneurotischen Patientin. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 38(2):121-151. […]
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