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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Search Results
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Results 1 - 28 of 28 for your search on "chodorow":

Blum, H.P. Chodorow, N.J. Dimen, M. Goldner, V. Harris, A. Rosica, K. Wolfenstein, E.V. (1996). Editorial Statements by the Associate Editors of Gender and Psychoanalysis. Gender and Psychoanalysis, 1(1):19-25. […]
Chodorow, N. (2018). Nancy J. Chodorow on ‘The American Independent Tradition: Loewald, Erikson, and the (Possible) Rise of Intersubjective Ego Psychology’. PEP/UCL Top Authors Project, 1(1):23. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (1986). Divorce, Oedipal Asymmetries, and the Marital Age Gap. Psychoanal. Rev., 73D(4):202-206. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (1987). Psychoanalyse und Psychoanalytikerinnen. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 41(9):800-831. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (1989). What is the Relation between the Psychoanalytic Psychology of Women and Psychoanalytic Feminism?. Ann. Psychoanal., 17:215-242. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (1992). Heterosexuality as a Compromise Formation: Reflections on the Psychoanalytic Theory of Sexual Development. Psychoanal. Contemp. Thought, 15(3):267-304. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (1995). Multiplicities and Uncertainties of Gender: Commentary on Ruth Stein's “Analysis of a Case of Transsexualism”. Psychoanal. Dial., 5(2):291-299. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (1996). Reflections On The Authority Of The Past In Psychoanalytic Thinking. Psychoanal Q., 65:32-51. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (1996). Theoretical Gender And Clinical Gender: Epistemological Reflections On The Psychology Of Women. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 44S(Supplement):215-238. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (1999). Commentaries. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 47(2):365-370. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2000). Reflections on The Reproduction of Mothering—Twenty Years Later. Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 1(4):337-348. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2002). Born into a World at War: Listening for Affect and Personal Meaning. Am. Imago, 59(3):297-315. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2002). Prejudice Exposed on Stephen Mitchell's Pioneering Investigations of the Psychoanalytic Treatment and Mistreatment of Homosexuality. Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 3(1):61-72. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2003). “Too Late” Ambivalence About Motherhood, Choice, And Time. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 51(4):1181-1198. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2003). The psychoanalytic vision of Hans Loewald. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 84(4):897-913. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2004). Psychoanalysis and Women: A Personal Thirty-Five-Year Retrospect. Ann. Psychoanal., 32:101-129. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2004). The American Independent Tradition: Loewald, Erikson, and the (Possible) Rise of Intersubjective Ego Psychology. Psychoanal. Dial., 14(2):207-232. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2005). Gender on the Modern-Postmodern and Classical-Relational Divide: Untangling History and Epistemology. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 53(4):1097-1118. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2007). Reflections on Loewald's “internalization, separation, Mourning, and the Superego”. Psychoanal Q., 76(4):1135-1151. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2007). The Healer's Bent: Solitude and Dialogue in the Clinical Encounter, By James T. Mc Laughlin. Psychoanal Q., 76(2):617-629. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2008). Introduction: The Loewaldian Legacy. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 56(4):1089-1096. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2009). A Different Universe: Reading Loewald through “On the Therapeutic Action of Psychoanalysis”. Psychoanal Q., 78(4):983-1011. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2010). Beyond the Dyad: Individual Psychology, Social World. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 58(2):207-230. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2011). E. Victor Wolfenstein, 1940–2010. Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 12(4):305-306. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2012). Analytic Listening and the Five Senses: Introduction. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 60(4):747-758. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2015). From the Glory of Hera to the Wrath of Achilles: Narratives of Second-Wave Masculinity and Beyond. Studies in Gender and Sexuality, 16(4):261-270. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2017). How Psychoanalysis Lost the Birthing Body: Commentary on Balsam. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 65(1):91-98. […]
Chodorow, N.J. (2018). Love, Respect, and Being Centered Upon: Loewald’s Image of Development in Childhood and the Consulting Room. Psychoanal. St. Child, 71:224-233. […]
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