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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

 
List of Articles


Volume 13 (1927)

Issue 1
Die heutige Psychologie der Pubertät: Zur Kritik ihrer Wissenschaftlichkeit  1
Ein Sammelreferat von Siegfried Bernfeld
Charles Darwin  57
Imre Hermann
Bedeutung der Libidoschicksale für die Bildung religiöser Ideen: („Das dritte Testament“ von Anna Nikolajewna Schmidt)  83
F. Lowtzky
REFERATE
Levine, Israel: Das Unbewußte. Ütersetzung aus dem Englischen von Anna Freud. (Internationale Psychoanalytische Bibliothek XX.) Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag 1936.  122
Fenichel
Roffenstein, Gaston: Das Problem des psychologischen Verstehens. Stuttgart 1926.  125
Hartmann
Wertheimer, Max: Über Gestalttheorie. Sonderdrucke des Symposion, Heft 1. Verlag der Philosophischen Akademie. Erlangen 1925.  126
Hermann
Klages, Ludwig: Die psychologischen Errungenschaften Nietzsches. Eeipzig 1926.  126
Bally
Utitz, Emil: Charakterologie. Charlottenburg 1925.  129
Bally
Wulff, Dr. M. W.: Phntasie und Realität in der Psyche des Kindes. Odessa 1926. (Russisch.)  129
F. Lowtzky
Jones, Ernest: Mother-rignt and the sexual ignorance of savages. Int. Journal of PsA. VI/2.  130
Fenichel
Schroeder, Theodore: The Psycho-Analytic Method of Observation. Int. Journal of PsA. VI/2.  133
Fenichel
Gemünd, Dr. Wilhelm: Leben und Anpassung. Bonn 1925.  134
Bally
Günther, Just: Begriff und Bedeutungdes Zufalls im organischen Geschehen. J. Springer, Berlin 1925.  137
Fenichel
Flügel, J. C.: Some unconscious factors in the international language movement with especial reference to Esperanto. Int. Journal of PsA. VI/2.  137
Fenichel
Cohn, Max: Grenzen und Mystizismus in der Psychoanalyse. Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Psychotherapie und medizinischen Psychologie, herausgegeben von Albert Moll. Enke, Stuttgart 1926.  140
Fenichel
Furrer, A.: Der „moralische Defekt“, das Scnuld- und Strafproblem in psychanalytischer Beleuchtung. Orell Füssli-Verlag, Zürich 1926.  141
W. Reich
Slight, David: Hypnagogic Phenomena. (Journal of abnormal Psychology and Social Psychology, Vol. XIX, p. 274.  142
James Glover
Fortune, R. F.: The symbolism of the serpent. Int. Journal of PsA. 1926, VII, 2.  143
Fenichel
Zeitschrift für psychoanalytische Pädagogik. Herausgegeben von Dr. Heinrich Meng und Professor Dr. Ernst Schneider, Hippokrates-Verlag, Stuttgart-Berlin-Zürich, 1. Jahrgang, Heft 1.  143
Fenichel
Issue 2-4
Hindu-Mythologie und Kastrationskomplex  145
C. D. Daly
Das Mutterrecht und die sexuelle Unwissenheit der Wilden: Vortrag in der British Psycho-Analytical Society am 19. November 1924  199
Ernest Jones
Der Sabbath  223
Erich Fromm
Das jüdiscke Speiseritual: Vortrag in der Deutschen Psychoanalytischen Gesellschaft in Berlin am 18. Dezember 1926  235
Frieda Fromm-Reiclimann
Dogma und Zwangsidee: Eine psydioanalytisdie Studie zur Entwicklung der Religion  247
Tkeodor Reik
Die Gott-Pliantasie Lei Kind ern  383
Mary Chadwick
Zwei schweizerische Sektenstifter: Nack Vorträgen in der isckweizerisdien Gesellstkaft für Psyckoanalyse  395
Hermann Rorschach (†)
Mondmythologie und Mondreligion  442
Géza Rókeim
„Totemmahl“ eines fünfeinhalbjährigen Knaben  538
Hans Zulliger
REFERATE
Rólieim, Dr. G.: Australian Totemism. A Psyclioanalytic Study in Antliropology. London, G. Allen & Unwin. 1925.  541
Alice Bálint
Müller-Braunschweig, Carl: Das Verhältnis der Psychoanalyse zu Ethik, Religion und Seelsorge. Arzt und Seelsorge. Heft II. Verlag Fnedrich Bahn, 1927.  549
Th. Reik
Religionspsychologie. Veröffentlicliungen des Wiener Religionspsyctologischen Forsctungsinstitutes. Herausgegelen von Karl Bett. Heft 1, 2, 3. Wtltelm Braumüller, Wien und Leipzig 1926, 1927.  550
Th. Reik
KUNSTBEILAGEN
Nachtrag zur Arbeit über den Moses des Michelangelo  552
Sigm. Freud
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