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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

List of Articles

Volume 34 (2006)

Issue 1 - Fiftieth Anniversary Issue--Training in Dynamic Psychiatry: Progress and Challenges
Issue Editor: Silvia W. Olarte, M.D.
Frontline—The Golden Anniversary Journal—The Challenge of Dynamic Psychiatry  1
Silvia W. Olarte, M.D.
Celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry  5
Marianne Horney Eckardt, M.D.
I Remember It Well: Reminiscences on the History of the Academy  13
Miltiades Zaphiropoulos, M.D.
Dynamic Psychotherapy: A 50-Year Perspective  19
Paul Chodoff
Reminiscences of a Training Director and the Future of Training Programs  29
Clarice J. Kestenbaum, M.D.
A Systems Approach to Behavioral Neurobiology: Integrating Psychodynamics and Neuroscience in a Psychiatric Curriculum  43
Timothy J. Lacy, M.D. and John D. Hughes, M.D.
The Psychoanalyst at the Medical Bedside  75
Jay Lefer, M.D.
The Place of Psychodynamic Psychiatry in Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry with Special Emphasis on Countertransference  83
Michael Blumenfield, M.D.
Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A Core Conceptual Model and Its Application  93
Richard B. Corradi, M.D.
Teaching Psychodynamic Psychotherapy in the 21st Century  117
Marcia Kraft Goin
How Endangered is Dynamic Psychiatry in Residency Training?  127
Lisa A. Mellman, M.D.
Finding Psychodynamic Psychiatry's Lost Generation  135
Eric M. Plakun, M.D.
Psychodynamic Trojan Horses: Using Psychopharmacology to Teach Psychodynamics  151
David Mintz
Educational Challenges of International Medical Graduates in Psychiatric Residencies  163
Milton Kramer
Teaching Psychodynamic Therapy to Hardworking Psychiatric Residents  173
Douglas H. Ingram, M.D.
Supervision and Mentorship: The use of the real in Teaching  189
Leah Davidson, M.D.
Teaching About Psychodynamic Work with Severely Ill Patients  197
Ann-Louise S. Silver
Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Education in the 21st Century  215
Myron L. Glucksman, M.D.
Book Reviews - Edited by Joseph P. Merlino and Cesar A. Alfonso
Long–term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A Basic Text, by Glen O. Gabbard, American Psychiatric Publications, Inc., Washington, DC 2004, pp. 224, $35.95.  223
Paul Chodoff
American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychoanalysis by Ethel S. Person, Arnold M. Cooper, and Glen O. Gabbard, American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington, DC, and London, 2005. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2000, pp. 602, $99.00.  225
Sheila Hafter Gray, M.D.
Competency in Combining Pharmacotherapy and Psychotherapy: Integrated and Split Treatment, by Michelle B. Riba and Richard Balon, American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., Washington, DC; London, England, 2005, pp. 156, $35.95.  228
Joseph R. Silvio, M.D.
Issue 2
Psychoanalysis and Ethics—Relevant Then, Essential Now  231
Joseph P. Merlino, M.D., M.P.A.
Changes in Manifest Dream Affect During Psychoanalytic Treatment  249
Milton Kramer, M.D. and Myron L. Glucksman, M.D.
Silent Scream: The Cost of Crucifixion—Working With a Patient with an Eating Disorder  261
Marilyn Charles, Ph.D.
Cognitive Development, Memory, Trauma, Treatment: An Integration of Psychoanalytic and Behavioral Concepts in Light of Current Neuroscience Research  287
Jeffrey Hutterer, Ph.D. and Miriam Liss, Ph.D.
The Relevance of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy to Understanding Therapist-Patient Sexual Abuse and Treatment of Survivors  303
Rivka Yahav, Ph.D. and Sheri Oz, M.Sc.
The Critical Effect of Object Loss in the Development of Episodic Manic Illness  333
James W. Hamilton, M.D.
A View From Riggs—Treatment Resistance and Patient Authority: I. A Psychodynamic Perspective on Treatment Resistance  349
Eric M. Plakun, M.D.
Delusion, Narrative, and Affects  367
Adolfo Pazzagli, M.D.
Book Reviews - Edited by Cesar A. Alfonso, M.D.
My Life In Theory, by Leo Rangell, American Psychoanalytic Association, New York, 2004, 328 pp., Price (pending).  377
Harold Bronheim, M.D.
Attachment Theory and the Psychoanalytic Process, Edited by Mauricio Cortina and Mario Marrone. Whurr Publishers, Ltd., London, 2003, 490 pp., $31.95  380
Crittenden E. Brookes
Rereading Freud: Psychoanalysis Through Philosophy, Edited by Jon Mills, State University of New York Press, Albany, NY, 2004, xvi + 224 pp., $45.00.  383
Richard D. Chessick, M.D., Ph.D.
A Developmental Model of Borderline Personality Disorder: Understanding Variations in Course and Outcome by Patricia Hoffman Judd, and Thomas H. McGlashan, American Psychiatric Publishing, Arlington, VA, 2003, 231 pp., $38.95 (paper).  385
Richard D. Chessick, M.D., Ph.D.
Transforming Depression: Healing the Soul through Creativity. By David Rosen, Nicholas Hays, Inc., York Beach, Maine, 302 pp., $19.95.  388
Marianne Eckardt, M.D.
The Texture of Treatment: On the Matter of Psychoanalytic Technique. By Herbert J. Schlesinger, The Analytic Press, Hillsdale, NJ, 2003, 292 pp.  391
Thomas P. Kalman, M.D.
Analysts in the Trenches, Edited by Bruce Sklarew, Stuart Twemlow, and Sallye Wilkinson, The Analytic Press, Hillsdale, NJ, 2004, 331 pp.  394
Craig L. Katz, M.D.
Psychoanalytic Theories: Perspectives from Developmental Psychopathology, by Peter Fonagy and Mary Target, Brunner-Routledge, New York, 2003, 402 pp., $37.95.  397
Klaus W. Schreiber
Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, and the New a Biology of the Mind, By Eric R. Kandel, American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington, D.C., 2005, pp. 414, $57.95.  400
Samuel Slipp, M.D.
The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Building and Rebuilding the Human Brain, By Louis J. Cozolino, Norton, New York, 2002, 377 pp., $30.00.  402
Clay C. Whitehead, M.D.
Issue 3
Frontline—Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis in Iran  405
Arash Javanbakht, M.D. and Mohammad Sanati, M.D., F.R.C.Psych.
A Conceptual Model of Transference and Its Psychotherapeutic Application  415
Richard B. Corradi, M.D.
A View From Riggs: Introduction to Paper II “Treatment Resistance and Patient Authority”  441
Eric M. Plakun, M.D.
A View From Riggs: Treatment Resistance and Patient Authority—II. Transmission of Trauma and Treatment Resistance  445
M. Gerard Fromm, Ph.D.
The Unconscious and The Creative Process  461
Althea J. Horner, Ph.D.
Psychodynamic Psychiatry—Past, Present, and Future  471
Richard C. Friedman, M.D.
Questions of Technique Following The Psychoanalytic Perspective of Erich Fromm  489
Romano Biancoli, Ph.D.
On Perseus  505
Arash Javanbakht, M.D. and Clay C. Whitehead, M.D.
Suicide Bombing: A Psychodynamic View  523
Uday Khalid, M.D. and Peter Olsson, M.D.
Commentary on Khalid and Olsson's “Suicide Bombing: A Psychodynamic View”  531
Ronald Turco, M.D.
News from the Field  535
Recorded by Eugenio M. Rothe, M.D.
Correspondence  537
Victor Bloom, M.D.
Book Reviews - Edited by Cesar A. Alfonso, M.D.
Blind Trust: Large Groups and Their Leaders in Times of Crisis by Vamik Volkan, M.D., Pitchstone Publishing, Charlottesville, Virginia, 2004, 368 pp., $29.95, paperback $19.95.  539
Samuel Slipp, M.D.
The Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. Edited by Arnold D. Richards, The Analytic Press, Inc., Hillsdale, NJ, 2003, 369 pp., $30.00  542
Cassandra M. Klyman, M.D.
September 11 Trauma and Human Bonds. Edited by Susan W. Coates, Jane Rosenthal and Daniel S. Schechter, The Analytic Press, Hillside NJ, 2003, pp. 293, $49.95  550
Jon D. O'Brien, M.D.
Affect Dysregulation and Disorders of the Self, by Allan N. Schore, W.W. Norton, New York, 2003, pp. 403, $45.00.  552
Samuel Slipp, M.D.
Hate and Love in Psychoanalytical Institutions: The Dilemma of a Profession, by Jurgen Reeder. Other Press, New York, 2004, pp. 308, $30.00.  554
Thomas P. Kalman, M.D.
Influential Papers from the 1920s: Papers from the Decades in International Journal of Psychoanalysis Key Paper Series. Edited by R.D. Hinshelwood, Karnac Books, New York, 2004, pp. 280, £25.  555
Marianne Homey Eckardt, M.D.
The Sadomasochistic Perversion: The Entity and the Theories, by Franco De Masi, Karnac Press, London, 2003, pp. 162, price not indicated.  559
David Salvage, M.D.
Lesbian Identity And Contemporary Psychotherapy: A Framework For Clinical Practice, by Eda G. Goldstein and Lois Horowitz, Analytic Press, Hillsdale, NJ, 2003, 208 pp., $39.95.  561
Jennifer I. Downey, M.D.
Death and the Fear of Finiteness in Hamlet, by Jerome Oremland, Lake Street Editions, California, 2005, pp. 147, $30.00.  563
Jay Lefer, M.D.
James Joyce and the Problem of Psychoanalysis, by Luke Thurston, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2004, pp. 232, $75.00.  566
Valentina Harrell, Ph.D.
International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis, 3 volumes, Editor-in-Chief, Alainde Mijolla Thomson/Gale New York, 2005, $395.00.  570
Richard D. Chessick, M.D., Ph.D.
Malignant Pied Pipers of Our Time by Peter A. Olsson, M.D., Publish America, Baltimore, 2005, 205 pages with index included. 177 pages.  574
Ronald Turco, M.D.
Windows, by J.-B. Pontalis, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 2003, 114 pp., $20  575
Marianne Homey Eckardt, M.D.
Issue 4
A View From Riggs: Treatment Resistance and Patient Authority—Introduction to Paper III: “What is Psychodynamic Psychopharmacology? An Approach to Pharmacologic Treatment” Resistance, by David Mintz and Barri Belnap  579
Eric M. Plakun, M.D.
A View from Riggs: Treatment Resistance and Patient Authority—III. What is Psychodynamic Psychopharmacology? An Approach to Pharmacologic Treatment Resistance  581
David Mintz, M.D. and Barri Belnap, M.D.
Neo-Psychoanalysis: A Paradigm for the 21st Century  603
Clay C. Whitehead, M.D.
Comparing Apples to Oranges and Making a Fruit Salad (Mixing Psychodynamic Science and Neuroscience): A Review of Clay C. Whitehead's “Neo-Psychoanalysis: A Paradigm for the 21st Century”  629
Charles L. Ragan, M.D., M.B.A.
Finding and Refinding the Therapeutic Alliance: On Thinking and Thirds  651
W. W. Meissner, S.J., M.D.
Neurobiology of Dynamic Psychotherapy: An Integration Possible?  679
Emanuela Mundo, M.D.
On The Limits Of Psychoanalytic Theory: A Cautionary Perspective  693
Althea J. Horner, Ph.D.
Listening to Prozac, with the Third Ear: A Psychoanalytic Theory of Psychopharmacology  709
William H. Rickles, M.D.
Book Reviews - Edited by Cesar A. Alfonso, M.D.
The Italian Seminars, by W.R. Bion, Karnac Books, London, 2005, 110 pp., Euro 12.99  735
Jay Lefer, M.D.
Acquainted with the Night Psychoanalysis and the Poetic Imagination, Edited by Hamish Canham & Carole Satyamurti, The Tavistock Clinic Series: NY, London: Karnac Books, 2003, 213 pp.  737
Jane Simon
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