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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

List of Articles

Volume 28 (2008)

Issue 1 - Fathers and Daughters
Issue Editor: Christine C. Kieffer, Ph.D.
Prologue  1
Christine C. Kieffer, Ph.D.
Freud, Anna, and the Problem of Female Sexuality  3
Bertram J. Cohler and Robert M. Galatzer-Levy
On Famous Fathers and Their Youngest Daughters  27
Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Ph.D.
“Fathers” and “Daughters”  39
Adrienne Harris
Fathers and the Bodily Care of Their Infant Daughters  60
Rosemary H. Balsam
From Selfobjects to Mutual Recognition: Towards Optimal Responsiveness in Father and Daughter Relationships  76
Christine C. Kieffer
From Fathering Daughters to Doddering Father  92
Neil Altman
Fathers and Daughters: A Discussion  106
Joseph D. Lichtenberg
Issue 2 - Is Unconscious Fantasy Central to the Theory and Practice of Psychoanalysis?
Issue Editor: Melvin Bornstein, M.D.
Prologue  115
Melvin Bornstein, M.D.
Unconscious Fantasy and Modern Conflict Theory  117
Sander M. Abend, M.D.
“Grown-Up” Words: An Interpersonal/Relational Perspective on Unconscious Fantasy  131
Philip M. Bromberg, Ph.D.
Unconscious Phantasy and Relational Reality  151
Samuel Gerson, Ph.D.
Fantasizing as Process, Not Fantasy as Content: The Importance of Mental Organization  169
Alan Sugarman, Ph.D.
The overarching Role of Unconscious Phantasy  190
James Grotstein
The Structure and Function of Unconscious Fantasy in the Psychoanalytic Treatment Process  206
Paul H. Ornstein, M.D. and Anna Ornstein, M.D.
Six Inventions on Unconscious Fantasy  231
Henry F. Smith, M.D.
Epilogue  256
Melvin Bornstein, M.D.
Issue 3 - On Becoming a Psychoanalyst: Reflections on Contemporary Psychoanalytic Training Experience
Issue Editors: Leon Wurmser and Imre Szecsödy
Prologue  257
Imre Szecsödy, Ph.D., M.D.
Becoming a School: Developing Learning Objectives for Psychoanalytic Education  262
Deborah L. Cabaniss, M.D.
Structuring Case Reports to Promote Debate  278
Jürgen Körner
To Be or Not to Be a Psychoanalyst—How Do We Know a Candidate is Ready to Qualify? Difficulties and Controversies in Evaluating Psychoanalytic Competence  288
Gabriele Junkers, Ph.D., David Tuckett and Anders Zachrisson, Ph.D.
Shuttle Analysis, Shuttle Supervision, and Shuttle Life—Some Facts, Experiences, and Questions  309
Gábor Szönyi, M.D. and Tamara Štajner-Popovié
Anxiety in Psychoanalytic Training From the Candidate's Point-of-View  329
Horst Brodbeck
A Course on the Supervisory Process for Candidates … and Supervisors: An Attempt to Address Inconsistencies in Psychoanalytic Education and the Fundamental Paradox of Psychoanalytic Training  344
Jean-Paul Pegeron, M.D.
Shaming Psychoanalytic Candidates  361
Sandra Buechler, Ph.D.
Does Anything Go in Psychoanalytic Supervision?  373
Imre Szecsödy, M.D., Ph.D.
Discussion  387
Otto F. Kernberg
Discussion  395
Robert Michels, M.D.
Issue 4 - The Writing Cure: The Effects of Clinical Writing on the Analyst and Analysis
Issue Editors: Jonathan Palmer, M.D., Stephen B. Bernstein, M.D., Sharen Westin, M.D., Arthur L. Rosenbaum, M.D. and Melvin Bornstein, M.D.
Prologue  401
Stephen B. Bernstein, M.D., Melvin Bornstein, M.D., Jonathan Palmer, M.D., Arthur L. Rosenbaum, M.D. and Sharen Westin, M.D.
Discussion Group on Writing about Your Analytic Work in a Case Report  404
Sharen Westin, M.D., Stephen B. Bernstein, M.D., Melvin Bornstein, M.D., Jonathan Palmer, M.D. and Arthur L. Rosenbaum, M.D.
Writing about the Psychoanalytic Process  433
Stephen B. Bernstein, M.D.
Writing, Rewriting, and Working Through  450
Stephen B. Bernstein, M.D.
How Can a Writer Describe the Deep Emotional Experience of a Psychoanalysis? “As One Forms One's Preconceptions of a Cathedral by the Height of Its Bell Tower”  465
Melvin Bornstein, M.D.
Forging an Analytic Identity through Clinical Writing  477
Jonathan Palmer, M.D.
Reading Treatment Reports: The Writer, the Editor, and the Analyst or the Value of Certification  493
Arthur L. Rosenbaum, M.D.
My Experience with the Panel on Writing  507
Sharen Westin, M.D.
Discussion of Contributions to Psychoanalytic Inquiry Issue on Analytic Writing  510
Theodore J. Jacobs, M.D.
Discussion  518
Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Ph.D.
Epilogue  527
Stephen B. Bernstein, M.D., Melvin Bornstein, M.D., Jonathan Palmer, M.D., Arthur L. Rosenbaum, M.D. and Sharen Westin, M.D.
Issue 5 - Transformation: Psychoanalysis and Religion in Dialogue
Issue Editors: Marie Hoffman, Ph.D. and Brad D. Strawn, Ph.D.
Prologue  529
Marie Hoffman, Ph.D. and Brad D. Strawn, Ph.D.
Vision and Virtue in Psychoanalysis and Buddhism: Anatta and its Implications for Social Responsibility  532
Jennifer Cantor, Ph.D.
The Transformation of Human Suffering: A Perspective From Psychotherapy and Buddhism  541
Polly Young-Eisendrath, Ph.D.
The Transformative Effect of Seeking the Eternal: A Sampling of the Perspectives of Two Great Muslim Intellectuals—Ibn- azm and Al-Ghazāli  550
Yasser Ad-Dab'bagh, M.D., FRCP(C)
Faith and the Couch: A Psychoanalytic Perspective on Transformation  560
M. Hossein Etezady, M.D.
Personal Transformation in Karl Rahner's Christianity: Constructed by Love  570
Susan B. Parlow, Ph.D.
Psychoanalysis and Catholicism— Dialogues in Transformation  580
W. W. Meissner, SJ, M.D.
Transformation in Psychoanalysis and Religion as “Persons in Relationship”: The Influence of John Macmurray  590
Trevor M. Dobbs, Ph.D.
Winter Meets its Death  599
Beth Fletcher Brokaw, Ph.D.
Martin Buber, God, and Psychoanalysis  612
Gary Ventimiglia, Ph.D.
The Experience of Religious Transformation During Psychoanalysis as an Event Horizon  622
Moshe Halevi Spero, Ph.D.
Epilogue  638
Marie Hoffman, Ph.D. and Brad D. Strawn, Ph.D.
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