When there are translations of the current article, you will see a flag/pennanticon next to the title, like this: For example:
Click on it and you will see a bibliographic list of papers that are published translations of the current article. Note that when no published translations are available, you can also translate an article on the fly using Google translate.
For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.
Wolman, B.B. (1967). The Enigma of Schizophrenia. Am. Imago, 24(1-2):153-155.
(1967). American Imago, 24(1-2):153-155
The Enigma of Schizophrenia
Review by: Benjamin B. Wolman, Ph.D.
For thirty years I have been puzzled about schizophrenia, this mysterious disorder that accounts for fifty per cent of all inmates in mental hospitals and takes the toll of one person in a hundred. What makes one schizophrenic? Why are schizophrenics so difficult to live with? Why are so few cured? Why is it that about one third of them improve without specific treatment? Do we know more about this “plague of the Twentieth Century “(Huxley) than Bleuler did half a century ago?
Four recent books on schizophrenia reflect, to a great extent, the present day stress on psychological and socio-psychological factors in distinction to an earlier biochemical and neurological emphasis.
Students of mental disorders know the classic work of Faris and Dunham, Mental Disorders in Urban Areas, published in 1939. This study and those by Opler, Leighton, Lind, Srole, Hollingshead, Redlich, and others focus on the relationship between mental health and socio-cultural factors. It is an undeniable fact that some societies produce more mental disorders than others and more specific types of mental disorders than other types.
The early study by Faris and Dunham stressed social frustration, low class status, conflict of culture and social isolation as the main factors which breed schizophrenia. The status of minority groups, dilapidated living quarters, inferior economic conditions were listed by these and other authors as among the primary causes of schizophrenia.
This opinion was, however, not unamimous. The question has been raised as to what caused what.
[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]