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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Hogen, P.C. (1979). King Lear: Splitting and its Epistemic Agon. Am. Imago, 36(1):32-44.

(1979). American Imago, 36(1):32-44

King Lear: Splitting and its Epistemic Agon

Patrick Colm Hogen

Apart from Mark Kanzer, critics have failed to recognize the structural importance of splitting in King Lear. I maintain that, in conjunction with the reflective development within the narrative progression, splitting defines a startling cohesion within the tragedy.

Varieties of Splitting

Lear's three daughters represent split ambivalence: Cordelia is the benevolent mother; Regan is the withdrawing, and Goneril the devouring, thanatic mother. The less important father figure is split, again through inversion (son as father, father as son). Edgar functions in a dual role—not only may one role be split; two roles may be condensed, and it is always the province of the benevolent father, as well as that of the guiltless son, to suffer at the hands of the thanatic father. Edgar is the benevolent father as well as the guiltless I (Edgar is not only punished by his father, he also cares for him, leads him, etc.); Edmund is the phallic, and the Duke of Cornwall is the castrating, thanatic father. (Cf. Kanzer, King Lear).

For each of these two yous we get a doubled I. Lear is, of course, the I for the you (mother), just as the Earl of Gloucester is the I for the you (father).

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