Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size? In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+). Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out). To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Spector, J.J. (1989). André Breton and the Politics of the Dream: Surrealism in Paris, ca. 1918–1924. Am. Imago, 46(4):287-317.

(1989). American Imago, 46(4):287-317

André Breton and the Politics of the Dream: Surrealism in Paris, ca. 1918–1924

Jack J. Spector, Ph.D.

In April 1922 three poets destined to dominate the Surrealist movement announced that their preferred occupation was “to sleep” (Louis Aragon, Paul Eluard) or “to dream while sleeping” (André Breton).1 In various avant-garde publications that he edited, Breton printed accounts of several of his dreams. He was not primarily interested in the latent content of these dreams, but rather in using them to create a new aesthetic, transforming them into uncategorizable poetry. In addition, he used his dream material to promulgate his evolving philosophy of art, a philosophy later expressed more overtly in his Surrealist manifestoes.

The attempt that follows to analyze Breton's dreams without his accompanying associations seems justified because these dreams constitute prime examples of what Freud called “dreams from above” whose real significance lay in their intention to make a specific intellectual point.2 Freud reported several instances of such dreams produced by his patients who had the specific goal of disproving (his) Freud's evolving psychoanalytic dream theory.3

The contribution of Freud's theory of dream interpretation whether direct or indirect to the interest in dreams expressed by Breton and his colleagues during this period is generally accepted;4 concomitantly, Freud's technique of free association, intended to circumvent the mind's censorship, especially in recounting one's dreams, appealed to avant-garde writers.5


[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.