Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To search for a specific phrase…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Did you write an article’s title and the article did not appear in the search results? Or do you want to find a specific phrase within the article? Go to the Search section and write the title or phrase surrounded by quotations marks in the “Search for Words or Phrases in Context” area.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

(1951). Regular Meetings at the New York Academy of Medicine. Am. J. Psychoanal., 11(1):81-85.

(1951). American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 11(1):81-85

Scientific Meetings

Regular Meetings at the New York Academy of Medicine

The significance of fantasies in the psychoanalytic process. (Paul Lussheimer; September 27, 1950) There are two main types of fantasies: the daydreaming fantasies which are substitutes for wishes that cannot be fulfilled or an escape from the unpleasantness of reality, and the constructive, anticipatory fantasies which are substitutes for an actual preparation for action. In classifying fantasies within the thinking processes, they are assigned a position between aware, conscious thinking and the unconscious thinking, as it prevails in our dreams. Freud, in the twenty-third of his Introductory Lectures, described the fantasies as “standing between the world of material reality and the dream world and having psychic reality.”

Fantasies should be considered as a means of diminishing the individual's cravings and of bringing his wishes closer to fulfillment. Since such cravings and wishes exist in normal as well as in neurotic persons, fantasies are found in both. The gauge with which to measure normality or neurosis is the degree to which the goal of a fantasy seems to be obtainable. This should not be measured in absolute abstract terms but with due respect for the existing values and potentialities of the individual in his environment.

The question whether the analyst should ask the patient for the presentation of all his fantasies during the analytic sessions can be answered in the affirmative, but good judgment has to be used as to when and how to bring up a discussion of fantasies.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.