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Kelman, N. (1954). In Memoriam: Karen Horney, M.D. 1885-1952. Am. J. Psychoanal., 14(1):5-7.

(1954). American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 14(1):5-7

In Memoriam: Karen Horney, M.D. 1885-1952

Norman Kelman, M.D.

Karen Horney, Dean and one of the founders of the American Institute for Psychoanalysis, died in New York on December 4, 1952, at the age of sixty-seven. She was born in Hamburg, Germany, on September 16, 1885, the daughter of a Norwegian sea captain and a German mother. As a child she made sea voyages with her father. Her unflagging interest in life brought her in her sixty-seven years to many lands—Mexico, Central and South America, the countries of Europe, the islands of the Pacific and Japan.

In 1909 she married Oscar Horney, a Berlin lawyer, from whom she was divorced in 1937. Three daughters, Miss Brigitte Horney of New York, Dr. Marianne von Eckhardt of Bethesda, Maryland, and Mrs. Renate Crevenna of Mexico, survive her. She studied at the University of Berlin and received her medical degree in 1913. From 1914 to 1918 she studied psychiatry at Berlin-Lankwitz, Germany, and from 1918 to 1932 she taught at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. She participated in many international congresses, among them the historic discussion of lay analysis, chaired by Sigmund Freud.

Dr. Horney came to the United States in 1932 at the invitation of Franz Alexander, and for two years was Associate Director of the Psychoanalytic Institute, Chicago. In 1934 she came to New York where she began the most creative and productive period of her life. She was a member of the teaching staff of the New York Psychoanalytic Institute until 1941, when she became one of the founders of the Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis and the American Institute for Psychoanalysis.

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